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24 Ergebnisse, ab 1
Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung 2 / 2018

Stupsen und Schubsen (Nudging): Beispiele aus Altersvorsorge, Gesundheit, Ernährung

2018| Jana Friedrichsen, Kornelia Hagen
DIW Roundup 137 / 2020

Warum essen wir so viel Fleisch?

Es gibt verschiedene Gründe dafür, den Konsum von Fleisch und anderen tierischen Produkten zu reduzieren. In diesem Beitrag stellen wir wichtige Fakten zum Fleischkonsum vor und diskutieren dann mögliche Wege und Herausforderungen in Bezug auf eine effektive Verhaltensänderung hin zu einer nachhaltigeren, weniger tierbasierten Ernährung.

2020| Jana Friedrichsen, Manja Gärtner
DIW Roundup 137 / 2020

Why Are We Eating so Much Meat?

There are various reasons why humans may want to reduce their consumption of meat and other animal products. In the following, we lay out important stylized facts about individual meat consumption, and then discuss the challenges and puzzles surrounding effective behavior change toward more sustainable, plant-based diets.

2020| Jana Friedrichsen, Manja Gärtner
Brown Bag Seminar Cluster Industrial Economics

Drug Firms’ payments and physician prescribing behavior in the US

09.08.2019| Melissa Newham
Brown Bag Seminar Cluster Industrial Economics

Antibiotic Prescribing and Diagnostic Testing: Physician Behavior in the Case of Urinary Tract Infection

Abstract: When a patient with symptoms of urinary tract infection arrives at a physician's office, it needs to decide which antibiotic drug to prescribe. A drug's efficacy in treating the infection depends on the individual, time-dependent resistance profile of the bacterium causing the infection. Physicians can conduct antibiotic susceptibility tests in order to create current resistance profiles...

29.11.2019| Shan Huang
Brown Bag Seminar Cluster Industrial Economics

Determinants of Ownership Changes in the Market for Diabetes

Abstract:  This paper investigates the determinants of ownership changes of drug candidates in one of the most important current pharma markets —the market for diabetes. We in particular look at how do the competitive circumstances, progress in clinical development and radicalness of the drug candidates matter in these decisions. We use newly constructed, very granular dataset tracking...

20.12.2019| Jan Malek
Brown Bag Seminar Cluster Industrial Economics

Battling Antibiotic Resistance: Can Machine Learning Improve Prescribing?

Abstract:  Antibiotic misuse due to prescribing under diagnostic uncertainty is a leading driver of antibiotic resistance. We investigate the magnitude and mechanisms by which machine learning predictions can enable policies that reduce antibiotic misuse. Building on predictions from administrative data on urinary tract infections in Denmark, we evaluate counterfactual policies that replace...

14.02.2020| Hannes Ullrich
DIW Economic Bulletin 43 / 2016

Hospital-Level Policy Can Affect Physician Behavior and Reduce C-Section Rates

The past few decades have seen a considerable increase in caesarean section rates, which have now reached unprecedented levels. Concerns have been raised about the possibility of medically unnecessary procedures having negative consequences for mothers and infants (WHO, 2015). The aim of this report is to show that a properly implemented hospital-level policy may be a powerful tool for reducing the ...

2016| Sofia Amaral-Garcia, Paola Bertoli, Jana Friedrichsen, Veronica Grembi
DIW Wochenbericht 43 / 2016

Haftpflichtregelungen auf Krankenhausebene können ärztliches Handeln beeinflussen und Kaiserschnittraten senken

Die Kaiserschnittrate ist in den vergangenen Jahrzehnten stark gestiegen: Heute werden weltweit mehr Kinder per Kaiserschnitt entbunden als je zuvor. Zunehmend werden Bedenken laut, dass sich medizinisch unnötige Eingriffe negativ auf die Gesundheit von Müttern und Kindern auswirken könnten (WHO, 2015). Der vorliegende Bericht zeigt, dass eine richtig implementierte Haftpflichtregelung auf Krankenhausebene ...

2016| Sofia Amaral-Garcia, Paola Bertoli, Jana Friedrichsen, Veronica Grembi
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