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DIW Weekly Report 43 / 2021

An Effective Federal Climate Change Act Needs Leading Indicators

To reach the climate targets, the course towards a climate-neutral society must be set now. However, the current monitoring instruments in the Climate Change Act do not provide sufficient information to policymakers and society on the effectiveness of policy instruments and programs, as they focus exclusively on greenhouse gas reduction targets, which are subject to uncertainty. Moreover, they only ...

2021| Daniela Fietze, Mats Kröger, Thorsten Müller, Karsten Neuhoff
DIW Wochenbericht 41 / 2021

Emissionsminderungen allein sagen kurzfristig nicht viel über Klimaschutz aus: Interview

2021| Karsten Neuhoff, Erich Wittenberg
DIW Wochenbericht 41 / 2021

Ein wirksames Klimaschutzgesetz braucht Frühindikatoren

Der Beschluss des Bundesverfassungsgerichts zum Klimaschutzgesetz sowie die Verpflichtung zum Erreichen von Klimaneutralität stellen neue Anforderungen an die Politik. Die Weichen für eine klimaneutrale Gesellschaft müssen jetzt gestellt werden. Die derzeit im Klimaschutzgesetz vorgesehenen Monitoringinstrumente sind jedoch nicht ausreichend, um zu erkennen, ob die Politikinstrumente und Programme ...

2021| Daniela Fietze, Mats Kröger, Thorsten Müller, Karsten Neuhoff
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Coal Transitions—Part 1: A Systematic Map and Review of Case Study Learnings from Regional, National, and Local Coal Phase-Out Experiences

A rapid coal phase-out is needed to meet the goals of the Paris Agreement, but is hindered by serious challenges ranging from vested interests to the risks of social disruption. To understand how to organize a global coal phase-out, it is crucial to go beyond cost-effective climate mitigation scenarios and learn from the experience of previous coal transitions. Despite the relevance of the topic, evidence ...

In: Environmental Research Letters 16 (2021), 11, 113003, 40 S. | Francesca Diluiso, Paula Walk, Niccolò Manych, Pao-Yu Oei ...
Nachrichten [Energie, Verkehr, Umwelt]

COP26 statement on coal exit

As COP26 drew to a close earlier this month, almost 200 nations agreed to “phase down” coal power in the coming years. How this is done, for coal and other fossil fuels, will have implications for individuals and communities that depend on these resources for their livelihoods.  The case study conducted by DIW Berlin focuses on Germany and the efforts it has undertaken to support ...

29.11.2021| Claudia Kemfert
Nachrichten [Energie, Verkehr, Umwelt]

COP26-Erklärung zum Kohleausstieg

Bei der COP26, die Anfang des Monats zu Ende ging, einigten sich fast 200 Staaten darauf, die Kohlekraft in den kommenden Jahren auslaufen zu lassen. Die Art und Weise, wie dies für Kohle und andere fossile Brennstoffe geschieht, wird Auswirkungen auf Einzelpersonen und Gemeinschaften haben, die für ihren Lebensunterhalt auf diese Ressourcen angewiesen sind. Die vom DIW Berlin durchgeführte ...

29.11.2021| Claudia Kemfert
Diskussionspapiere 1983 / 2021

Optimal Discounts in Green Public Procurement

We consider a Green Public Procurement setting where the procurer provides a bid discount to environment-friendly technologies to foster their use. We assume that, before the auction, firms may switch to green technology via a publicly observable costly investment. We show that investment acts as a signaling device. This mitigates the effect of incomplete information on firms’ costs, thereby triggering ...

2021| Olga Chiappinelli, Gyula Seres
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Chances and Barriers for Germany’s Low Carbon Transition: Quantifying Uncertainties in Key Influential Factors

With the energy sector being one of the largest sources of global greenhouse-gas emissions, a swift change in the ways of energy generation and consumption is needed for a fulfilment of climate goals. But while the existence of global warming and the resulting need for action are widely agreed upon, there is a lot of discussion around the concrete measures and their timeline. A major cause of this ...

In: Energy 239 (2022), Part A, 121901, 19 S. | Konstantin Löffler, Thorsten Burandt, Karlo Hainsch, Pao-Yu Oei, Frederik Seehaus, Felix Wejda
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Emission Pathways Towards a Low-Carbon Energy System for Europe: A Model-Based Analysis of Decarbonization Scenarios

The aim of this paper is to showcase different decarbonization pathways for Europe with varying Carbon dioxide (CO2) constraints until 2050. The Global Energy System Model (GENeSYS-MOD) framework, a linear mathematical optimization model, is used to compute low-carbon scenarios for 17 European countries or regions. The sectors power, low- and high- temperature heating, and passenger and freight transportation ...

In: The Energy Journal 42 (2021), 5, S. 41-66 | Karlo Hainsch, Thorsten Burandt, Konstantin Löffler, Claudia Kemfert, Pao-Yu Oei, Christian von Hirschhausen
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Air Pollution and the Productivity of High-Skill Labor: Evidence from Court Hearings

Air pollution’s influence on cognitive productivity is a highly relevant and not fully understood economic issue. This study provides evidence of an adverse effect of exposure on the productivity of Mexican judicial workers. The empirical strategy approximates productivity with the length of the hearing and infers causality through instrumental variable panel models. Results show that nitrogen dioxides ...

In: The Scandinavian Journal of Economics (2022), im Ersch. [online first: 2021-09-01] | Luis Sarmiento
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