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2471 Ergebnisse, ab 2421
  • Diskussionspapiere 1096 / 2011

    High-Skilled Immigration Policy in Europe

    Whether Europe will be able to stand up to its internal and external challenges crucially depends on its ability to manage its internal mobility and inflows of international migrants. Using a unique expert opinion survey, we document that Europe needs skilled migrants, and skill mismatch is to be expected. A review of current immigration policies shows that despite a number of positive recent developments ...

    2011| Martin Kahanec, Klaus F. Zimmermann
  • SOEPpapers 210 / 2009

    Does Relative Income Matter? Are the Critics Right?

    Do other peoples' incomes reduce the happiness which people in advanced countries experience from any given income? And does this help to explain why in the U.S., Germany and some other advanced countries, happiness has been constant for many decades? The answer to both questions is "Yes". We provide 4 main pieces of evidence. 1) In the U.S. General Survey (repeated samples since 1972) comparator income ...

    2009| Richard Layard, Guy Mayraz, Stephen Nickell
  • SOEPpapers 221 / 2009

    Increased Opportunity to Move up the Economic Ladder? Earnings Mobility in EU: 1994-2001

    Do EU citizens have an increased opportunity to improve their position in the distribution of earnings over time? This question is answered by exploring short and long-term wage mobility for males across 14 EU countries between 1994 and 2001 using ECHP. Mobility is evaluated using rank measures which capture positional movements in the distribution of earnings. All countries recording an increase in ...

    2009| Denisa Maria Sologon, Cathal O'Donoghue
  • SOEPpapers 395 / 2011

    Lower and Upper Bounds of Unfair Inequality: Theory and Evidence for Germany and the US

    Previous estimates of unfair inequality of opportunity (IOp) are only lower bounds because of the unobservability of the full set of endowed circumstances beyond the sphere of individual responsibility. In this paper, we suggest a new estimator based on a fixed effects panel model which additionally allows identifying an upper bound. We illustrate our approach by comparing Germany and the US based ...

    2011| Judith Niehues, Andreas Peichl
  • Nicht-referierte Aufsätze

    Wo bleibt das Glück? Das Bruttoinlandsprodukt ist als Messgröße für das Wirtschaftswachstum nicht mehr zeitgemäß, aber ein neuer Indikator ist noch nicht verfügbar

    In: Cicero (2011), Oktober, S. 108-109 | Henrik Enderlein, Gert G. Wagner
  • SOEPpapers 365 / 2011

    How Important Is the Family? Evidence from Sibling Correlations in Permanent Earnings in the US, Germany and Denmark

    This paper is the first to analyze intergenerational economic mobility based on sibling correlations in permanent earnings in Germany and to provide a cross-country comparison of Germany, Denmark, and the US. The main findings are as follows: the importance of family and community background in Germany is higher than in Denmark and comparable to that in the US. This holds true for brothers and sisters. ...

    2011| Daniel D. Schnitzlein
  • SOEPpapers 230 / 2009

    Children, Happiness and Taxation

    Empirical analyses on the determinants of life satisfaction often include the impact of the number of children variable among controls without fully discriminating between its two (socio-relational and pecuniary) components. In our empirical analysis on the German Socioeconomic Panel we show that, when introducing household income without correction for the number of members, the pecuniary effect prevails ...

    2009| Leonardo Becchetti, Elena Giachin Ricca, Alessandra Pelloni
  • DIW Wochenbericht 47 / 2000

    Wohnungs-, Bildungs- und Familienpolitik sollten im Sinne eines "sozialen Risikomanagements" verändert werden

    Das DIW beginnt mit diesem Wochenbericht eine regelmäßige Berichterstattung über aktuelle sozialpolitische Probleme und deren Bewertung. Sozialpolitische Reformvorhaben werden dabei sowohl im Hinblick auf die Ziele der Sozialpolitik selbst als auch im Hinblick auf andere Ziele, insbesondere wirtschaftspolitische, untersucht. Der Blick soll über die Sozialpolitik im herkömmlichen Sinn hinaus auf alle ...

    2000| B. Bartholmai, F. Behringer, W. Jeschek, E. Kirner, B. Seidel, C. K. Spieß, H. Trabold, G. G. Wagner, C. Weise
  • SOEPpapers 226 / 2009

    Marital Risk, Family Insurance, and Public Policy

    The present paper aims to quantify the growth and welfare consequences of changing family structures in western societies. For this reason we develop a dynamic general equilibrium model with both genders which takes into account changes of the marital status as a stochastic process. Individuals respond to these shocks by adjusting savings and labor supply. Our quantitative results indicate that the ...

    2009| Hans Fehr, Manuel Kallweit, Fabian Kindermann
  • SOEPpapers 193 / 2009

    Goodbye Germany - und dann? Erste Ergebnisse einer Pilotstudie zur Befragung von Auswanderern aus Deutschland

    In contrast to the vast body of data on immigration to Germany, there is almost no scientifically valid data available on emigration flows from Germany and the factors motivating people to emigrate. In particular, there is an almost total lack of data on the living conditions of emigrants after their arrival in their new home countries. It is thus unsurpising that the German emigration research is ...

    2009| Marcel Erlinghagen, Tim Stegmann
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