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14089 Ergebnisse, ab 1

Job quality of refugees in Austria: Trade-offs between multiple workplace characteristics

Do employers tend to exploit refugees or do they offer them high-quality jobs? This article examines the job quality of refugees from Afghanistan and Syria working in Austria. It uses unique survey data of 316 refugees and cluster analysis to identify job quality profiles. Drawing on well-established job quality frameworks, it considers multiple dimensions of job quality, including pay, job security, ...

In: German Journal of Human Resource Management 34 (2020), 4, 418-442 | Renate Ortlieb, Silvana Weiss

Health as Human Capital in Entrepreneurship: Individual, Extension, and Substitution Effects on Entrepreneurial Success

This study investigates how entrepreneurial health and spousal health influence monetary and non-monetary entrepreneurial success. Drawing on human capital theory in combination with a family embeddedness perspective on entrepreneurship and applying actor–partner interdependence models to longitudinal data, we conclude that overall spousal health constitutes an important extension of entrepreneurs’ ...

In: Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice 45 (2021), 1, 18-42 | Isabella Hatak, Haibo Zhou

Encouraged or Discouraged? The Effect of Adverse Macroeconomic Conditions on School Leaving and Reentry

Existing research generally confirms a countercyclical education enrollment, whereby youths seek shelter in the educational system to avoid hardships in the labor market: the “discouraged worker” thesis. Alternatively, the “encouraged worker” thesis predicts that economic downturns steer individuals away from education because of higher opportunity costs. This study provides a formal test of these ...

In: Sociology of Education 94 (2021), 2, 103-123 | Dirk Witteveen

Delayed Gratification in Political Participation

Delayed gratification is associated with myriad desirable outcomes—like eating right and saving money. In this article, I explore whether it also increases political participation. To this end, I provide an explicit decision-theoretic framework, which predicts that less patient individuals are less willing to vote and to donate; these forms of participation are costly before Election Day, but their ...

In: American Politics Research 49 (2021), 3, 304-312 | Jerome Schafer

A panel study of the consequences of multiple jobholding: enrichment and depletion effects

Der vorliegende Artikel leistet einen Beitrag zur Forschung über die erwerbsbiographische Einbettung multipler Arbeitsverhältnisse. Wir untersuchen die Übergangs- und Dauereffekte der Mehrfachbeschäftigung in finanzieller und nicht-finanzieller Hinsicht sowie die Rolle flexibler Arbeitsregelungen und der häuslichen Situation. Zu diesem Zweck analysieren wir Paneldaten aus Deutschland, dem Vereinigten ...

In: Transfer: European Review of Labour and Research 27 (2021), 2, 219-236 | Wieteke Conen, Jonas Stein

Trade Unions, Bargaining Coverage and Low Pay: A Multilevel Test of Institutional Effects on Low-Pay Risk in Germany

Employment relations scholars argue that industrial relations institutions reduce low pay among the workforce, while the insider-outsider literature claims that unions contribute to increase the low-pay risk among non-union members. This article tests these expectations by distinguishing, respectively, between the individual effect of being a union member or covered by collective agreements and the ...

In: Work, Employment and Society (online first) (2021), 09500170211024467 | Chiara Benassi, Tim Vlandas

Is More Always Better? Examining the Nonlinear Association of Social Contact Frequency With Physical Health and Longevity

Frequent social contact has been associated with better health and longer life. It remains unclear though whether there is an optimal contact frequency, beyond which contact is no longer positively associated with health and longevity. The present research explored this question by examining nonlinear associations of social contact frequency with health and longevity. Study 1 (N ~ 350,000) demonstrated ...

In: Social Psychological and Personality Science 12 (2021), 6, 1058-1070 | Olga Stavrova, Dongning Ren

Solar Panels and Political Attitudes

In the fight against climate change, renewable energy has been subsidised in many countries. With the costs passed onto consumers, governments are paying those, for example, who instal domestic solar panels on top of their homes and feed electricity back into the system at preferential rates. We know that substantial amounts of income flow into households with solar installations as a result, but we ...

In: Political Studies Review (online first) (2021), 14789299211044868 | Resul Umit

Using Smartphone Technology for Research on Refugees: Evidence from Germany

Researchers attempting to survey refugees over time face methodological issues because of the transient nature of the target population. In this article, we examine whether applying smartphone technology could alleviate these issues. We interviewed 529 refugees and afterward invited them to four follow-up mobile web surveys and to install a research app for passive mobile data collection. Our main ...

In: Sociological Methods & Research 50 (2021), 4, 1863-1894 | Florian Keusch, Mariel M. Leonard, Christoph Sajons, Susan Steiner

Gender Differences in the Social Consequences of Unemployment: How Job Loss Affects the Risk of Becoming Socially Isolated

Using longitudinal data from the German Socio-Economic Panel, the study examines whether the impact of unemployment on the risk of becoming socially isolated is different for women and men and whether it can be traced back to financial straits. An isolating effect of unemployment is found only with regard to men, to long-term unemployment, and to social isolation in terms of scarce contact to friends ...

In: Work, Employment and Society 36 (2022), 1, 3-20 | Jan Eckhard
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