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14146 Ergebnisse, ab 31

Hiring behavior, remuneration, and employment perspectives in newly founded establishments

Einstellungsverhalten, Entlohnung und Beschäftigungsperspektiven in neu gegründeten Betrieben: In der Volkswirtschaftslehre wird das Unternehmertum als treibende Kraft hinter dem Prozess kreativer Zerstörung betrachtet, die Innovationen in den Markt einführt, ineffiziente Betriebe verdrängt, und so den Grundstein für das Wachstum der Wirtschaft legt. Ein wesentlicher Bestandteil unternehmerischen Handelns ...

2022, | Lisa Hölscher

Subjective Well-Being Around Retirement

This paper studies the effect of both retirement and unemployment on life satisfaction, using subjective satisfaction indicators from the German Socio-Economic Panel. Moreover, we analyze how accurate individuals anticipate changes in satisfaction around retirement, as well as the correlation between the forecast error in life satisfaction and the labor market status. Being unemployed has a significant ...

In: De Economist 161 (2013), 3, 349-366 | Marzieh Abolhassani, Rob Alessie

Computers as Stepping Stones? Technological Change and Equality of Labor Market Opportunities

This paper analyzes whether technological change improves equality of labor market opportunities by decreasing returns to parental background. We find that in Germany during the 1990s, computerization improved the access to technologyadopting occupations for workers with low-educated parents, and reduced their wage penalty within these occupations. We also show that this significantly contributed to ...

Mannheim: Leibniz-Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung (ZEW), 2022,
(ZEW Discussion Paper No. 22-014)
| Melanie Arntz, Cäcilia Lipowski, Guido Neidhöfer, Ulrich Zierahn

Does Money Change Who You Are? Quasi-Experimental Evidence on the Effects of Wage Increases on Personality

Using the 2015 introduction of a statutory minimum wage in Germany as a quasi-experiment, I investigate the effects of wage increases on personality. The degree to which each worker’s wage is affected by the reform is used as an instrument for the increase in hourly wage in a two-stage least squares estimation based on nationally representative panel data. The results show that wage increases have ...

2022,
(EconStore Working Paper)
| Adam Ayaita

Hohe Energiepreise: Ärmere Haushalte werden trotz Entlastungspaketen stärker belastet als reichere Haushalte

Durch den russischen Angriff auf die Ukraine sind die Energiepreise sprunghaft gestiegen. Bereits zuvor wurden Strom, Gas und Kraftstoffe sukzessive teurer. Die privaten Haushalte in Deutschland werden dadurch erheblich belastet. Zwei Entlastungspakete hat die Regierungskoalition dazu geschnürt. Dennoch drohen den privaten Haushalten mittelfristig reale Einkommensverluste von durchschnittlich 2,1 Prozent, ...

DIW Wochenbericht 89 (2022), 17, 243-251| Stefan Bach, Jakob Knautz

Essays in Applied Microeconomics

This dissertation consists of three chapters in the field of applied microeconomics with a focus on labor economics and behavioral economics. It covers various topics and methods. A common theme is the importance of decisions. Our economy is the result of innumerable decisions made by individual and institutional agents. The decisions are constraint by resources and differ in complexity and impact. ...

2022, | Teresa Backhaus

Dynamic Effects of Co-Ethnic Networks on Immigrants’ Economic Success

In this paper we investigate how co-ethnic networks affect the economic success of immigrants. Using longitudinal data of immigrants in Germany and including a large set of fixed effects and pre-migration controls to address the possible endogeneity of initial location, we find that immigrants in districts with larger co-ethnic networks are more likely to be employed soon after arrival. This advantage ...

In: The Economic Journal 132 (2022), 641, 58-88 | Michele Battisti, Giovanni Peri, Agnese Romiti

Grading in Secondary Schools in Germany – The Impact of Social Origin and Gender

In the German school system, grades are the essential means of performance feedback and assignment. However, little research has been conducted on the factors that determine grades in addition to competencies, and existing findings are poorly replicated. Using data from the representative IQB Trends in Student Performance 2015 survey, our analysis combined a variety of personal and structural characteristics ...

In: International Journal of Educational Research Open 2 (2021), 2, 100101, 9 S. | Michael Bayer, Sabine Zinn, Christin Rüdiger

Wohlstand für alle? Die Entwicklung einkommensschwacher Haushalte seit 2005

Im Vergleich zu den frühen 1990er Jahren ist die Einkommensungleichheit zwischen Haushalten in Deutschland heute auf einem deutlich höheren Niveau und hat zu lebhaften Diskussionen über die Notwendigkeit ihrer Bekämpfung geführt. In dieser Debatte werden mittlerweile auch Stimmen laut, die betonen, dass die Einkommensungleichheit seit 2005 stabil geblieben ist. Dabei herrscht sowohl im politischen ...

In: WSI-Mitteilungen 71 (2018), 5, 358-369 | Barbara Binder, Andreas Haupt

Mentoring as a grassroots effort for integrating refugees – evidence from a randomised field experiment

About 80 million people were displaced worldwide at the end of 2020. To support this highly vulnerable group, in recent years, local bottom-up initiatives proliferated to support refugee integration in hosting communities. This study examines a network intervention for refugees in collaboration with a social start-up whose mission is to match refugees and local volunteers to form friendships. We apply ...

In: Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies (online first) (2022), | Philipp Jaschke, Lea-Maria Löbel, Magdalena Krieger, Nicolas Legewie, Martin Kroh, Jannes Jacobsen, Diana Schacht
14146 Ergebnisse, ab 31
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