Veranstaltungen

Bildung, Kultursektor, Non-Profit-Sektor
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22. Februar 2013

DIW Applied Micro Seminar Student Awareness of Costs and Benefits of Educational Decisions: Effects of an Information Campaign

Abstract: University fees have recently trebled in England and there are fears that many young people may be put off from participating in further and higher education – especially those from low income backgrounds. This could exacerbate inequalities that are already very stark in the UK. In this paper, we investigate students’ knowledge and their receptiveness to information campaigns about the costs and benefits of staying on in education. We design an ‘information campaign’ that gives some simple facts about economic and financial aspects of educational decisions and test students’ response to this campaign. The fieldwork for our information campaign took place over the period in which the trebling of university fees was announced. This was widely reported in the media, so we also test receptiveness to the surrounding media campaign. The analysis shows evidence of large gaps in students’ knowledge, which are influenced both by the information campaign and media reporting about the increase of tuition fees. However, the latter greatly increased the perception of going to university as ‘too expensive’ – especially among low income groups. Our experiment shows that simple information campaigns can help to mitigate this negative impact on attitudes.

Mehr Informationen
Referent/-in
  • Dr Sandra McNally, LSE
  • Zeit
    13:15-14:45
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 490
    9. Januar 2013

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen How learning a musical instrument affects educational achievement

    Learning a musical instrument during childhood may increase educational opportunities by improving cognitive skills, teaching non-cognitive skills or by sending positive signals to teachers. Our study tests these hypotheses with data from the German Socio-Economic Panel, which contains information on musical practice during childhood as well as detailed parental background characteristics. In order to reduce the bias resulting from non-random selection into musical practice, we use propensity score matching. Moreover, we test the robustness of our results with siblings fixed effects. We find that learning a musical instrument improves cognitive skills by 0.3 and school marks by 0.15 standard deviations. Educational ambitions improve whereas non-cognitive skills do not seem to be affected. Positive effects are stronger for children from lower socio-economic status.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
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    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 355
    24. Oktober 2012

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen The Economics of Information: How Job Information Centers affect Educational Choices and Labor Market Outcomes

    Referent/-in
  • in Zusammenarbeit mit Thomas Siedler (Universität Hamburg)
  • Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
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    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 355
    27. Sept 2012

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar SOEP Special Brown Bag Seminar
    Dead Man Walking: The Impact of Over-Education on Life Satisfaction

    The negative effects of unemployment on wellbeing have been clearly documented in the economics literature. However some current employees may move directly into a new job, never experiencing an unemployment spell, yet find themselves in a new job underutilising their skills or education ("downchanges"). We assess empirically, whether downchanges are similar to unemployment spells, in that they both decrease measures of wellbeing, controlling for observables and time-invariant unobservables. Theoretically persons should only make job moves that are pareto optimal. However, we find significant negative impacts of downchanges on wellbeing amounting to about a quarter of the magnitude of being unemployed, and consider this to be a form of as "hidden unemployment". This suggests that labour market participants prefer a poorer match at their new job than remaining at their old job entering into unemployment, suggesting some kind of forcing out of the old job.

    Referent/-in
  • John P. Haisken-DeNew (MIAESR, University of Melbourne)
  • Zeit
    12:30-13:00
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
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    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 344
    8. August 2012

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar SOEP Brown Bag Seminar
    Number of siblings, birth order and maternal investments in preschool children: Resource dilution or resource augmentation?

    This study aims to explore the relationship between sibling number, birth order and maternal time investments in preschool children. Using the GSOEP and "Familien in Deutschland", we investigate maternal time investments in children aged 2-3 and 5-6. The dependent variables consist of two dimensions extracted from the mother's self-reported frequencies in various activities with children activities at home and outside activities. By fitting a random-effects and a fixed-effects model for two measurement points, we give answer to two questions: (a) To what extent do maternal time investments vary between children in families with different sibling compositions? (b) How do these investments change for the same child across time with the birth of a new sibling? The results show that there are quantitative and qualitative differences in time spent by mothers inside and outside the home. (a) There is an advantage for the firstborn with increasing sibship size, even when compared to an only child. Investments in middle and lastborn children get rather diluted with each additional sibling. The child's sex matters only for activities outside the home. (b) Children are more affected by the birth of a new sibling when they already have a younger sibling. The effect of time investments is positive for activities at home, but quite ambiguous for activities outside the home and varies with the child's sex and birth position. Regarding covariates, child care support leads to an increase in maternal time investments, whereas mother's working hours and household income have no impact.

    Referent/-in
  • Magdalena Osmanowski und Andrés Cardona (Universität Bielefeld)
  • Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
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    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 344
    4. Juli 2012

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen The treatment effect of attending a high-quality school and the influence of unobservables

    This paper studies the effect of attending a high-quality middle school on subsequent educational outcomes. The analysis is based on data from the German socio-economic household panel in which we observe children when they make their secondary school decisions (in the age between 10-12) and later when they self-report on their intentions with regard to their further educational pathway (in the age of 16-17). To identify the treatment effect, we use a regression-control framework as well as an instrumental variable approach (based on local supply of schools). In a second step, we carefully examine the influence of unobservable characteristics in both methods using the new technique proposed by Altonji, Elder and Taber (2005). Our findings suggest that unobservable characteristics are indeed crucial to the validity of the research design. While we find large positive and significant effects of attending a high-quality school, we cannot rule out that the estimates are not in fact driven by selection on unobservables.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
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    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 308
    13. Juni 2012

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar SOEP Brown Bag Seminar
    Socioeconomic status, Parenting practices, and Conscientiousness in Early Childhood

    The role of personality traits in the production of social inequality has increasingly been the subject of sociological inquiry. Conscientiousness, in particular, has proven to be an important predictor of educational achievement and occupational attainment. The importance of conscientiousness in predicting unequal outcomes in the life course leads to the question of whether differences in this trait have their origins in social stratification. Parenting practices have been shown to vary across socioeconomic strata and to influence children's outcomes in different ways. Yet there has been little research to date on the extent to which dimensions of parenting mediate or moderate the effects of SES on child outcomes. The main objective of this paper is to identify whether primary caregivers in Germany differ in their parenting practices by socioeconomic characteristics, and whether these affect the development of conscientiousness in early childhood.

    The study analyzes data from the SOEP, in which children are observed at three measurement points: 0-23 months, 2-3 years, and 5-6 years (N=519).

    The results suggest that in Germany,  parenting practices, which, as expected, differ across  SES, partially mediate the relaton between SES and childs conscientiousness.  Results remain unchanged even after the effect of infant/toddler temperament on parenting practices is taken into account.

    Referent/-in
  • Till Kaiser (Universität Bielefeld)
  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
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    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 344
    16. Mai 2012

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar SOEP Brown Bag Seminar
    Day care (quality) and differences in child outcomes

    Studies in recent years show that universal child care has a beneficial impact on children‘s outcomes (e.g., Havnes/Mogstad 2009, 2011, Datta‐Gupta/Simonsen 2010, 2011). However evidence remains mixed on whether all types of day care attendance have a positive effect on children's development.  Some papers show that day care attendance can also negatively influence child outcomes: e.g. Seyda (2009) or Landvogit et al. (2007) examine if day care attendance increases children's likelihood to attend higher secondary education by accounting for full-time and part-time day care attendance. Both studies conclude that a longer duration decreases children's likelihood of higher secondary schooling. Yet, these studies investigate attendance vs. non‐attendance, or formal care vs. informal care, but day care "quantity" and day care quality are rarely differentiated.

    By combining data from the German Socio-Economic Panel study (SOEP) and administrative data on day care quality, this paper examines potential effects of duration of day care attendance as well as the underlying structural quality of day care institutions at the "Jugendamtsbezirk" (youth welfare office) level on changes in children's health or personality traits. If parents regard day care as an investment in the human capital of children, they were to prefer day care centers with "better" quality. Day care facilities vary in terms of structural quality, e.g. staff-child-ratio, group size, or education of day care teachers. Hence while it might be beneficial to attend a day care center, a longer stay at a facility with mediocre quality might have negative consequences.  This paper investigates in what way a child's duration of day care attendance and the quality of day care facilities influences differences in children's health or personality traits between age three and six. Preliminary results indicate that day care quality explains some of the variation in children's health and personality traits between age three and six.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 344
    9. Mai 2012

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen The Generalized Roy Model and The Cost-Benefit Analysis of Social Programs

    The standard analysis of treatment eff ects only considers the gross benefi t of treatment and does not consider the cost as perceived by the agents or the surplus arising from participation in programs (the private subjective evaluation of the program). This paper extends the analysis of Heckman and Vytlacil (1999, 2005) to identify parameters measuring the costs and net gains of arising from participation in a program within the context of a generalized Roy model. The analysis does not require that the analyst observe the subjective cost of treatment. Instead, we use information derived from agent choices about participating in a program to infer the cost of treatment as perceived by the agent. We apply our methodology to the analysis of college choice and nd that variability in net gains from attending college is mainly due to variability in the cost associated with schooling.

    Referent/-in
  • Philipp Eisenhauer (ZEW Mannheim)
  • Zeit
    16:30-17:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
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    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 308
    2. Mai 2012

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar SOEP Brown Bag Seminar
    It’s the Economy, Stupid: A Context-based Theory of Civic and Political Participation in Germany

    There has been a recent shift in Political Science towards integrating
    aggregate-level contextual factors into the study of individual-level
    political behaviors. while intriguing, findings are inconsistent and
    this research area is bereft of theoretical underpinnings. The
    underlying idea that drives my dissertation is that civic and
    political participation are, at least partially, a response to
    economic, political and social realities.The literature on social
    context is rooted in the idea that the perception of threat influences
    civic and political behaviors. As I argue, perceptions of the threat
    represented by foreigners-and thus the impact of social context-vary
    based on local economic context. Foreigners are more likely to be seen
    as threatening in cities with restricted capacities to fulfill their
    traditional welfare tasks, which has consequences for civic and
    political behaviors.To develop this theory, I merge SOEP data with
    city-level economic, social and demographic data

    Referent/-in
  • Lindsay M. Pettingill (Georgetown University)
  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 344
    3. April 2012

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Effects of changes in student composition on teacher mobility. Evidence from the admission reform

    This paper examines teacher job mobility using matcher employee-employer panel data from Stockholm municipality upper secondary schools. I utilize the exogenous change in upper secondary school admission which led to the sharp reshuffling of students within the municipality. This quasi experimental set up provides a unique opportunity to investigate the relationship between changes in student attributes and changes in teacher quality and turnover, which are not confounded with changes in school or neighborhood characteristics. Comparison of ordinary least squares and difference-in-differences estimates suggest that the former ones are severely biased and could provide a highly misleading, from policy perspective, conclusions. The causal estimates indicate that schools that experience upward shocks in student quality are more successful in retaining teachers, in particular, these that are more experienced and of high cognitive skills. Furthermore, I do find significant heterogeneity in the impact of minorities and principals compensatory behavior towards teachers. Nonetheless, the results suggest that student characteristics are endogenous to teacher turnover decisions.

    Referent/-in
  • Krzysztof Karbownik (Uppsala University)
  • Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 308
    21. März 2012

    Berlin Lunchtime Meeting Bildungssystem in Deutschland: Die langfristigen Effekte der Schulwahl auf Bildungsabschlüsse und auf Löhne

    Vortrag: Prof. Christian Dustmann, PhD. | University College London
    Kommentar: Martin Spiewak
    | DIE ZEIT
    Moderation: Prof. Dr. C. Katharina Spieß | DIW Berlin 

    In Zeiten zunehmender sozialer Ungleichheit in Deutschland wird der frühen Selektion der Schulkinder im Alter von 10 Jahren durch das dreigliedrige Schulsystem immer mehr der Vorwurf gemacht, sie trage zur Zementierung von Ungleichheit bei. Viele Statistiken verweisen auf den Zusammenhang von elterlicher Bildung und Schulwahl im Alter von 10 Jahren, einem Alter, in dem die Kinder noch keine eigenständigen Lebens- und Bildungsentscheidungen getroffen haben können. Eine neue Studie der Forscher Christian Dustmann und Uta Schoenberg vom University College London sowie Patrick Puhani von der Leibniz Universität Hannover zeigt nun, dass die Schulwahl im Alter von 10 Jahren keine langfristigen Effekte auf Schulabschlüsse und Löhne hat, weil das deutsche Schulsystem flexibel genug ist, um frühe Fehlentscheidungen zu späteren Zeitpunkten zu korrigieren.

    Prof. Christian Dustmann, PhD. | Professor an der Fakultät für Wirtschaftswissenschaften am University College London und Leiter des Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM). 1992 Promotion in Wirtschaftswissenschaften am European University Institute mit Habilitation an der Universität Bielefeld 1997. Dustmann ist Mitherausgeber der Zeitschriften Journal of Population Economics und Economic Journal. Research Fellow am Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR), London und am Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA). Zudem ist er wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter am Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS) und am Centre for Economic Performance (CEP), London. Zu seinen Hauptforschungsinteressen gehören Zusammenhänge zwischen Demographie und Wirtschaft und Arbeitsmarkttheorien. In diesen Forschungsbereichen hat er bereits zahlreiche Werke veröffentlicht.

    Martin Spiewak | Redakteur Wissen, DIE ZEIT. Nach dem Abitur leistete er seinen Zivildienst im Altersheim, studierte Geschichte und Spanisch in Hamburg und Madrid und Journalismus in München. Bevor er zum "Deutschen Allgemeinen Sonntagsblatt" ging, reiste er ein Jahr durch Mexiko und Kolumbien und arbeitete mit Straßenkindern. 1999 kam er zu der ZEIT ins Wissen. Bildung ist sein großes Thema. 2007 verbrachte er mehrere Monate an der Harvard University, um über Integration zu arbeiten.

    Prof. Dr. C. Katharina Spieß | Leiterin der Abteilung Bildungspolitik am DIW Berlin. Ihr Forschungs- und Publikationsschwerpunkt liegt im Bereich der Frühkindlichen Bildung.

    Die Veranstaltung findet in deutscher Sprache statt.

    Wir freuen uns auf Ihre Teilnahme an dieser Veranstaltung und bitten Sie, Ihre verbindliche Anmeldung via E-Mail an zu senden.

    Zeit
    12:00 - 13:00
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Schumpeter Saal) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 569
    29. Februar 2012

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Risks and Returns to Educational Fields - A financial asset approach to vocational and academic education

    Applying a financial assets approach, we investigate the risks and returns to investments into different types of human capital. Even so the returns from investing in human capital have expensively been studied, little is known about the properties of the return to different types of human capital. Using information from the German Micro Census, we estimate the risk and returns to around 70 fields of study and differentiate between vocational and academic education. We find that there is a general trade-off between returns and earnings risk and human capital investments. Furthermore, we rank fields of education by their returns per unit of risk and find that academic education is not always superior to vocational education.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30-13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 308
    22. Februar 2012

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Student Awareness of Costs and Benefits of Educational Decisions: Effects of an Information Campaign

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Sandra McNally, LSE
  • Zeit
    13:15-14:45
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 468
    10. Februar 2012

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Crowded in or out? The effect of past giving on donations to charitable causes

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    Referent/-in
  • Sarah Smith, University of Bristol
  • Zeit
    13:15-14:45
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    20. Januar 2012

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Do Parents Choose the School for their Children Under the Boston Mechanism? Evidence from Barcelona

    Sorry, this seminar is cancelled!

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    Referent/-in
  • Maia Güell, University of Edinburgh
  • Zeit
    13:15-14:45
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    18. Nov 2011

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar The role of parental income over the life cycle: a comparison of Sweden and the UK

    Previous research on intergenerational income mobility has shown stronger persistence between parental and offspring’s income in the UK than in Sweden. We use similar data sets for the two countries to explore whether these cross-national differences show up already early in life in indicators such as birth weight, grades at the end of compulsory school at age 16, height during adolescence, and final educational attainment. We do indeed find significant country differences in the association between parental income and these outcomes, and the associations are stronger in the UK than in Sweden. We also investigate whether these differentials are large enough to account for a substantial part of the difference in intergenerational persistence estimates. We then conclude that the country differences in the intergenerational associations in birth weight and height are not strong enough to account for hardly any fraction of the UK-Sweden difference in intergenerational income mobility. On the other hand, for grades and final education our results suggest that the country differences can account for a substantial part of the difference in income persistence.

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    Referent/-in
  • Anders Björklund, SOFI, Stockholm University
  • Zeit
    13:15-14:45
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    11. Nov 2011

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Female Labor Supply and Childcare: Quasi-Experimental Evidence from Family Policy in Germany

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    Referent/-in
  • Christina Gathmann, Universität Mannheim
  • Zeit
    13:15-14:45
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    9. Nov 2011

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Estimating Heterogeneous Returns to Education in Germany via Conditional Second Moments

    In this paper I explore the relationship between education and log wages using an identification approach based on conditional second moments. Drawing upon data from the German Socioeconomic Panel (SOEP) I show that seemingly conflicting IV studies can be reconciled accounting for their LATE interpretation. I confirm existing empirical evidence by finding heterogeneous returns to education for graduates from different school tracks. The wage premium of one additional year of education is 3% for graduates from the basic school track. For graduates from a higher school track the return is around 9%. Various robustness checks support my results.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 517
    20. - 22. März 2011

    Veranstaltung Gründungsversammlung und erste Jahrestagung der Globalen Jungen Akademie am DIW

    Die Gründungsversammlung und erste Jahrestagung der Globalen Jungen Akadamie (Global Young Academy, GYA) findet vom 20. bis 22.März am Deutschen Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung in Berlin (DIW Berlin) statt. Die Globale Junge Akademie ist eine internationale und unabhängige Institution von Nachwuchswissenschaftler/innen, die derzeit annähernd 100 Mitglieder aus 46 Ländern umfasst. Sie wurde letztes Jahr auf Initiative des InterAcademy Panel (IAP) mit finanzieller Unterstützung durch die VolkswagenStiftung gegründet. Im Zuge der Tagung wird auch das wissenschaftliche Sekretariat mit Sitz in Berlin eingeweiht. Der Leiter der Abteilung Weltwirtschaft am DIW, Tilman Brück, ist Mitglied im Vorstand der GYA.

    Mehr Informationen
    Ort
    DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
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