Climate PolicyThe department at a glance.
The department analyses how the transition to a low-carbon economy and current economic goals can be made mutually supportive through policy change.
For this purpose, the department analyzes and compares the national implementations of regulatory frameworks. On the one hand, the focus lies on policies to increase energy efficiency in buildings and industry and, on the other hand, on the regulatory frameworks to open and design the European energy markets in order to integrate renewable energy. On both issues, special attention is given to questions regarding the financing of investments and the development of EU emission trading.
Our research methods are the qualitative analysis and the assessment of trade-offs / quantification, while our research approach is to ensure robustness and relevance of analysis, with early stakeholder engagement, separate review of methodology and sector expertise, as well as a cooperative approach as part of an international expert network. Given the short historical track record of many instruments that are analyzed, cross-country comparisons receive particular attention.The training of young scientists takes place in close cooperation with the Graduate Center, and international collaborations in many projects offer opportunities for methodological and institutional knowledge exchange between scientists.
With the organization of the monthly "Berlin Seminar on Energy and Climate Policy" (supported by TU Berlin, PIK, Öko-Institut and SWP), the department contributes to strengthen the network between policy-relevant research in Berlin and various ministries and stakeholders. Issues in the national and European context are discussed both from an economic point of view and from the perspective of public policy makers.
Focus area "Investment in Energy Efficiency"
To encourage investment in energy efficiency in buildings, different mechanisms of national and EU financial support for energy renovations are evaluated and the interactions with information, guidance and training programs as well as efficiency standards are analyzed. Regarding issues of investment in energy efficiency in the industrial sector, the sectoral roadmaps, which are currently developed by the European Commission, will set the framework for the assessment of national and European policies. Furthermore, the distributional effects of the various policies are evaluated in collaboration with the Public Economics Department and the macroeconomic impact is evaluated in cooperation with the Forecasting and Economic Policy Department.
Focus area "EU Power Market/Renewable Energies"
In the electricity sector, the implementation of the third EU package for the internal energy market has to be completed by 2014. It can be already seen that further steps are needed to ensure that the electricity market offers the flexibility that is necessary for an effective integration of renewable energies. Here, analyses are carried out in close cooperation with national and European regulators and system operators. Another question concerns the conditions for investment in production, storage and networks. To that end, the development in European emissions trading is modeled and, based on this; policy proposals for backloading and structural reform are evaluated. In addition, instruments to promote renewable energies are analyzed and modeled.