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Press Release, 08 Aug 2018

In a systematic European comparison of taxes and duties on passenger cars, Germany is in the lower third – Taxes on passenger cars neither raise enough revenue nor provide sufficient incentives for less polluting passenger car traffic. Germany needs to reform its passenger car and fuel ... more

Digitalpress (Copyright)  Schutzhelm Schutzhelme Kopschutz
Weekly Report, 26 Jul 2018

Ten years after the worldwide financial and economic crisis was triggered by the American real estate market, real estate prices are rising around the globe. Concerns about a new housing bubble are growing. The present report based on OECD data for 20 countries demonstrates that this concern is not ... more

Ingeborg Hauenstein (Copyright)  Fahne Flagge Flaggen
Weekly Report, 18 Jul 2018

Private businesses’ nominal value added in Greece has fallen by 38 percent over the last ten years. Micro firms were hit particularly hard. Despite efforts to stabilize the macroeconomic environment, there are only weak signs of recovery. Future prospects are not much better, as—with the ... more

Carina-Foto (Copyright)  Offshore-Windpark Offshore Windpark
Weekly Report, 11 Jul 2018

The cost of renewable energy technology has plunged in recent years. But the extent to which electricity consumers can benefit from the reduced costs depends on the design of renewable remuneration mechanisms. Calculations of a financing model show that the current sliding premium is leading to ... more

Jozef Sedmák (Copyright)  Hand Hände Alter
Report, 09 Jul 2018

„Future of capital funded old age provision in Germany – sovereign wealth funds versus individual retirement accounts“Editors: Timm Bönke, Markus M. Grabka and Carsten SchröderIn May 2018, the German Federal Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs duly convened the pension ... more

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by Uwe Kunert, in DIW Weekly Report

Duties and taxes on cars are an important source of revenue for European governments and the tax systems are also designed with the goal of achieving environmental policy objectives. A systematic and quantitative comparison of passenger car taxation in 30 European countries shows significant differences among them. However, in almost every country, the use of vehicles with diesel engines is taxed less than that of cars with gasoline engines, and the share of fixed charges (on acquisition, registration, and ownership) is higher than the share of use-related levies. Germany has shifted its position with regard to both types of tax and now ranks low in terms of the overall tax burden. However, the German motor vehicle tax is neither fiscally profitable nor does it have the desired effect. Energy tax rates have remained the same since 2003 and its real value has declined by a fifth in real terms. With this in mind, both types of taxes are in need of reform and increasing the diesel tax should be a priority.

by Konstantin A. Kholodilin, Claus Michelsen, in DIW Weekly Report

Ten years after the worldwide financial and economic crisis was triggered by the American real estate market, real estate prices are rising around the globe. Concerns about a new housing bubble are growing. The present report based on OECD data for 20 countries demonstrates that this concern is not unwarranted. In eight countries, including the United Kingdom and the USA, the evolution of real estate prices indicates that speculative investment behavior is at work. The continued high level of private household debt and low interest rates are evidence of a new bubble in those countries. There are also signs of this in Germany, but primarily in the country’s largest cities. The risk of a nationwide housing price bubble is assumed to be lower in Germany due to the country’s significantly lower level of private household debt. But since no suitable precautionary measures are in place, there is a need for action. Although it is now possible to cap lending, many market observers feel that the existing instruments could be reinforced. Capping the loan-to-household income ratio would be an especially desirable measure to prevent possible negative developments.

by Alexander S. Kritikos, Lars Handrich, Anselm Mattes, in DIW Weekly Report

Private businesses’ nominal value added in Greece has fallen by 38 percent over the last ten years. Micro firms were hit particularly hard. Despite efforts to stabilize the macroeconomic environment, there are only weak signs of recovery. Future prospects are not much better, as—with the exception of labor market regulations—the conditions for investments and business activities have not been sufficiently changed through eight years of reform process. Fundamental issues— excessive red tape, bulky administrative procedures, slow courts, complicated taxes, and an inefficient knowledge transfer— remain unaddressed. Greece cannot achieve its urgently needed strong and sustainable economic growth without these reforms. When the third economic adjustment program for Greece ends in August, so will external reform pressure. It remains an open question whether the government—current or future—will feel compelled to complete and implement the pending reforms.

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08.08.
In , on passenger neither raise enough revenue nor provide sufficient incentives for less passenger car traffic. Germany needs to reform its taxation and make a gradual increase in the diesel tax a priority.
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26.07.
Signs of new housing bubble in many OECD countries – low risk in Germany. Detailed analysis in the DIW Weekly Report available online:
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20.07.
Why (2017) is wrong: Storage is no barrier for : On the economics of electrical storage for variable renewable energy sources. Article in European Economic Review with A.Zerrahn and
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18.07.
Another huge 4.3bn EUR fine for in the case. keeps on being the tough competition enforcer, especially in digital markets. Perhaps this is indeed why EU markets seem to have become more competitive than the US?
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18.07.
Analysis of future prospects of ’s economy: Value added in private sector still 38% below level of 2008; little growth expected; potential exists with high-growth firms as well as education and science but regulatory environment still weak.
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14.07.
Now is the time to push European leaders to unite and progress on much needed reforms of the . Good piece on our 14 French-German economist take and on why the European Council conclusion of 29 June is a positive first step.
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