The 2020 Strategy Experience: Lessons for Regional Cooperation, EU Governance and Investment

Berlin, 17 June 2015
DIW Berlin, Mohrenstrasse 58, Schumpeter Hall

In October 2014 the European Council agreed to create a “reliable and transparent governance system… to ensure that the EU meets its energy policy goals”. With the announcement of the Energy Union Package in February 2015, the Commission initiated a debate on how to make the European energy sector more secure, sustainable and competitive. This conference therefore invites academia and think tanks to prepare new analysis and practitioners to discuss experience that Europe and its Member States have gathered with cooperation and coordination mechanisms for energy policy to date. The objective is to gather the evidence base to inform the future development of EU energy policy and governance.   


8.45     Registration

9.15     Welcoming remarks: Ingmar Jürgens (EC Berlin Office), Karsten Neuhoff (DIW Berlin)

9.30 – 11.00

Panel 1 - Cross-border and domestic infrastructure development

We will start the discussion by evaluating the experience with the development of electricity and gas infrastructure. The main question discussed during this session will be: How do member states coordinate their policies to advance projects across different regulatory regimes and involve multiple stakeholders? The panelists will also analyse the role of European mechanisms to support the development of infrastructure, including the European Fund.

Chair: Kacper Szulecki, University of Oslo

Paper 1: László Szabó, Regional Centre for Energy Policy Research, Budapest

The 10 % Interconnection target of the EU: what are the impacts on the EU carbon emissions? | PDF, 0.57 MB

Paper 2: Siddharth Fresa, University La Sapienza, Rome / Stanford Uni.

Multilevel EU Energy Governance. A new role for ACER? | PDF, 251.66 KB

Discussant 1: Anne-Therese Gullberg, CICERO, Oslo

Discussant 2: Jean Michel Glachant, Florence School of Regulation, EUI, Florence

Additional paper: Adrienn Selei, Borbala Toth

A top-down approach to identify the most important natural gas cross-border infrastructure projects | PDF, 1.45 MB

11.00 – 11.30 Coffee Break

11.30 – 13.00

Panel 2 - Regional cooperation and coordination

A deeper cooperation and coordination between the EU member states is necessary to achieve the goals of the European Energy Union. The panelists will look into the limitations and barriers to improve regional cooperation and coordination. We will also try to find out to what extent the European Semester has been effective in fostering coordination? Through which mechanisms and what are the visible effects so far?

Chair: Jacques de Jong, Clingendael International Energy Programme (CIEP), The Hague

Paper 1: Katharina Umpfenbach, Ecologic Institute, Berlin

Regional cooperation in the context of the new 2030 energy governance | PDF, 351.37 KB

Paper 2: Tomas Wyns, Institute for European Studies, Vrije Universiteit, Brussels

Situational analysis of EU energy law in relation to enhancing investor certainty and Member State cooperation under a post-2020 framework | PDF, 0.85 MB

Discussant 1: Oliver Sartor, Inst. for Sustainable Development and International Relations, Paris

Discussant 2: Jon Birger Skjærseth, Fridtjof Nansen Institute, Oslo

Additional paper: Jörn Richert

A Single Voice and Beyond. Energy Policy Making in the EU, the Influence of External Development, and the Development of an External Dimension

13.00 – 14.00 Lunch

14.00 – 15.30

Panel 3 - Renewable energy expansion and policy diffusion

Development of renewable energy sources is a decisive factor that can make European energy more sustainable and secure. But taking into consideration the high costs of the upfront investment of new sources, how can we tackle the rising energy prices and make sure that competitiveness of the European economy is not compromised? Panelists will discuss what helped and hindered mutual learning among Member States. In particular we will explore the varying perspectives on renewable energy deployment and how experience with early deployment of renewable energy sources influenced developments in other EU member states. Special attention will also be given to the changing political economy of the energy sector with increased RES deployment.

Chair: Karsten Neuhoff, DIW Berlin

Paper 1: Stefan Ćetković , Environmental Policy Research Centre, FU Berlin

Varieties of capitalism and renewable energy development | PDF, 203.09 KB

Paper 2 : Dorian Frieden,  Joanneum Research Forschungsgesellschaft, Graz

Transnational renewable electricity cooperation: What's in for the host country? | PDF, 0.57 MB

Discussant 1: Severin Fischer, German Inst. for International and Security Affairs (SWP), Berlin

Discussant 2: Simon Müller, International Energy Agency, Paris

Additional paper: Oscar Fich-Roy

An offshore wind union? Diversity and convergence in European offshore wind governance | PDF, 411.04 KB

15.30 – 16.00 Coffee Break

16.00 – 17.30 Round-table: “Building an Energy Union: from Theory to Practice"

We explore what lessons can be learned from practical experience of European energy governance in different sectors gathered during the day for the structure and governance of the “Energy Union”. How can the political momentum behind the “Energy Union” idea be used effectively to improve European energy policy and governance? What are the main questions that arise from the Commission’s February 2015 Communication on the Energy Union Strategy Framework? What challenges need to be overcome to implement the Commission’s Strategy effectively and what options exist to do so?

To discuss these issues we will create a platform that brings together present and former policy makers and senior energy analysts from different knowledge backgrounds


Teresa Ribera, director, IDDRI, Paris


Andreas Goldthau, Belfer Center, Harvard University / CEU Budapest
Robert Brückman, eclareon, Berlin
Camilla Bausch (Ecologic), Berlin
Ingmar Jürgens (Representation of the European Commission, Berlin)

Additional paper: Kacper Szulecki, Severin Fischer, Anne Therese Gullberg, Oliver Sartor

Energy Union. Evolution, national expectations and implications for EU energy and climate governance | PDF, 303.18 KB

The discussion summary on the conference was published and is to be found here

A Climate Policy Journal Special Issue: Learning from the 2020 Strategy: New governance mechanisms and regional cooperation in European energy policy could be found here