Veranstaltungen

Arbeit und Beschäftigung

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22. Nov 2017

Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen The Effect of Parental Leave Policies in Frictional Labor Markets

I analyze the impact of labor market risks on fertility and female labor supply in a dynamic structural life-cycle model. In particular, I provide insights on whether parental leave policies, such as legal job protection periods, can mitigate these risks. To this end, I estimate a dynamic discrete choice model, using a rich German panel dataset, for the time period between 2007 and 2013. Preliminary findings suggest a strong impact of parental leave job protection on fertility.

A current version of the working paper can be downloaded from here

Referent/-in
Zeit
12:30 - 13:30
Ort
DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
Ansprechpartner/-in
im DIW Berlin
Tel.: +49 30 89789 369
Tel.: +49 30 89789 383
18. Oktober 2017

SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Tax and Transfer Policies and the Female Labor Supply in the EU

This study measures the effect of tax-benefit policies on female labor supply based on a broad sample of 26 European countries in 2005-2010. The tax-benefit microsimulation model EUROMOD is used to calculate a measure of work incentives at the extensive margin - the participation tax rate, which is then used as the main explanatory variable in a female employment equation. This allows me to deal with the endogeneity of income in a new way by using a simulated instrumental variable based on a fixed EU-wide sample of women. Results suggest that a 10 percentage point increase in the participation tax rate decreases the female employment probability by 2 percentage points. The effect is higher for single mothers, for women in the middle of the skills distribution, and in countries that have lower rates of female employment.

Referent/-in
  • Klará Kaliskova (Charles University Prague)

  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 235
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 688
    20. Sept 2017

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Labor Market Responses to Tax Reforms

    In a high-tax labor market like France, tax reductions are a popular tool to support employment of low-wage workers. The welfare implications of these exemptions go beyond the directly affected. We ask three questions. First, because employment and wages are determined by both supply and demand of labor, what are the equilibrium effects of tax reductions on different workers? Second, since policy-makers' horizons may be short, are short-run effects very different from long-run outcomes? Finally, thirdly, who should benefit from tax reductions? To answer these questions we estimate an equilibrium search-and-matching model with worker and firm heterogeneity based on French administrative data. While a narrowly focused low-wage tax reduction has distributional advantages, it negatively affects productivity by encouraging job creation from low-productivity firms, making it harder for high-productivity workers to find suitable matches. We simulate short-run effects on employment and welfare and find that they may be contrary to the long-run equilibrium effects.
    (joint work with Thomas Breda and Luke Haywood)

    Referent/-in
  • Haomin Wang

  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 369
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 383
    14. Juli 2017

    Brown Bag Seminar Cluster Industrial Economics An Offer that you can't Refuse? Agrimafias and Migrant Labor on Vineyards in Southern Italy

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    Speaker
    Zeit
    10:30 - 11:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 203
    23. Juni 2017

    Brown Bag Seminar Cluster Industrial Economics Managerial Knowledge Spillovers and Firm Productivity

    Mehr Informationen
    Speaker
    Zeit
    Change of time: 2:45-3:45 PM
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 203
    15. Mai 2017

    Berlin Applied Micro Seminar Innovation: The Bright Side of Common Ownership?

    BAMS is a joint seminar by the DIW Berlin, the Hertie School of Governance, the HU Berlin and the WZB.

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    Referent/-in
  • Florian Ederer, Yale School of Management

  • Eingeladen von
    Zeit
    16.00 - 17.15
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Schumpeter Hall) Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    8. Mai 2017

    Berlin Applied Micro Seminar Migrant Wages, Human Capital Accumulation and Return Migration

    BAMS is a joint seminar by the DIW Berlin, the Hertie School of Governance, the HU Berlin and the WZB.

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    Referent/-in
  • Jérôme Adda, Bocconi University

  • Eingeladen von
    Zeit
    16.00 - 17.15
    Ort
    Humboldt University Room 21B, Spandauer Str. 1 10178 Berlin
    26. April 2017

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen The Value of Partial Retirement for Labor Supply, Public Balances and Income Inequality - Evidence from a Structural Analysis

    This paper develops a structural dynamic retirement model to investigate effects and corresponding underlying mechanisms of a partial retirement program in Germany on labor supply, fiscal balances and the pension income distribution. The structural approach  allows to disentangle the two counteracting mechanisms that drive the employment effects of partial retirement: 1) the crowd-out from full-time employment, and 2) the movement from early retirement or unemployment to partial retirement. It also allows to investigate the isolated role of financial compensations in a partial retirement program. The analysis is based on a unique administrative dataset that collects biographical information on full employment histories and combines information on partial retirement take-up with information on individual pension levels. For this purpose I subsequently perform three counterfactual policy simulations: 1) full access to partial retirement 2) an increase of the normal retirement age from 65 to 67, and 3) Adding wage and pension compensations to partial retirement. The results show negative employment effects but potentially positive fiscal consequences as well as a reduction in pension income inequality when partial retirement is introduced. Wage and pension compensations in partial retirement do not substantially affect employment behavior but pension compensations proof necessary to avoid an increased risk of old-age poverty when access to partial retirement is unrestricted.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Arthur-Cecil-Pigou-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 3.3.002C Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 369
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 383
    30. - 31. März 2017

    Workshop Sixth network – workshop of the DFG Priority Program 1764
    The German Labor Market in a Globalized World: Challenges through Trade, Technology and Demographics

    Mehr Informationen
    Ort
    DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    20. März 2017

    Berlin Applied Micro Seminar Economic incentives and gender identity

    BAMS is a joint seminar by the DIW Berlin, the Hertie School of Governance, the HU Berlin and the WZB.

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    Referent/-in
  • Andrea Ichino, European University Institute

  • Eingeladen von
    Zeit
    16.00 - 17.15
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Schumpeter Hall) Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    6. März 2017

    Berlin Applied Micro Seminar Entry, Career Dynamics and Worker Quality in the Labour Market for Talent

    BAMS is a joint seminar by the DIW Berlin, the Hertie School of Governance, the HU Berlin and the WZB.

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Stefan Szymanski, University of Michigan

  • Eingeladen von
    Zeit
    16.00 - 17.15
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Schumpeter Hall) Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    3. März 2017

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar Policy Uncertainty and Social Security Reform

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    Referent/-in
  • Ben Etheridge, University of Essex

  • Eingeladen von
    Zeit
    13:15-14:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 210
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 165
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 673
    1. März 2017

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Evaluating the Labor Market Effects of Compulsory Military Service in Germany

    Between 1956 and 2011 more than 12.4 million German men had to perform some form of compulsory national service, either military or civil. However, little is known about the impacts of this conscription system on draftees in Germany. I present new evidence on the long-run effects of mandatory military service on wages of West-German men born between 1960 and 1970 using detailed longitudinal data.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 268
    31. Januar 2017

    Berlin Lunchtime Meeting Impact of Migration on Income Levels in Advanced Economies

    Florence Jaumotte | International Monetary Fund

    Tuesday, 31st January 2017 | 12h00 – 13h00
    followed by lunch buffet

    DIW Berlin, Mohrenstr. 58, 10117 Berlin
    Schumpeter Saal, 1st floor

    Moderation: Prof. Dr. Jürgen Schupp | DIW Berlin

    The presentation will examine the longer-term impact of migration on the GDP per capita of receiving advanced economies. Addressing carefully the risk of reverse causality, Florence Jaumotte will illustrate whys and wherefores of immigration increases the GDP per capita of host economies, mostly by raising labor productivity. Both high- and low-skilled migrants contribute, in part by complementing the existing skill set of the population. Finally, the gains from immigration appear to be broadly shared.

    Florence Jaumotte is a senior economist in the IMF’s Research Department. She has worked in the Multilateral Surveillance Division and the World Economic Studies Division of the Research Department, as well as on a number of country teams. Her research has focused on labor market institutions and policies, income inequality, and open-economy macroeconomics. Previously, she has worked in the Economics Department of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in Paris. She obtained her PhD in Economics from Harvard University.

    Jürgen Schupp studied Economics and Sociology in Mainz and Frankfurt am Main. In February 2013 he was appointed as Director of Research Unit Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP). Since September 2013, Jürgen Schupp has held the position of Full Professor of Sociology with a focus on empirical social research at the Free University of Berlin in cooperation with DIW Berlin.

    Registration by email to: .

    Referent/-in
  • Florence Jaumotte

  • Zeit
    12.00 - 13.00 Uhr
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Schumpeter Saal) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 569
    4. Januar 2017

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Job risk, fertility, and female labor supply

    Recent research from the demographic and economic literature suggests a strong link between labor market uncertainty and fertility. Taking this relationship into account, I take a new look at parental leave policies in Germany. Using a dynamic structural life-cycle model of female labor supply and fertility, I will evaluate the impact of these policies under job risks and with fixed-term contracts. Estimation is work in progress.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 268
    1. Dez 2016

    Berlin Applied Micro Seminar Social mobility and preferences for redistribution

    BAMS is a joint seminar by the DIW Berlin, the Hertie School of Governance, the HU Berlin and the WZB.

    Mehr Informationen
    Referent/-in
  • Alberto Alesina, Harvard University

  • Eingeladen von
    Zeit
    16.00 - 17.15
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Schumpeter Hall) Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    9. Nov 2016

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Do Caseworkers Reduce Unemployment? Evidence from Unexpected Work Absences

    Caseworkers are the primary human resource used by governments to match unemployed workers to jobs. This paper provides first estimates on the role of caseworkers in reducing the duration of unemployment spells, using register data from the Swiss UI. For identification, I exploit caseworker-time specific variation in unexpected work absences, which I show to be independent of job seeker characteristics and labor market conditions. I find that the duration of unemployment increases on average by 2 weeks if a job seeker's caseworker is absent for at least ten workdays during the first three months of unemployment. This effect is largely driven by absences of high value added caseworkers. As main channels, I identify a reduction in the number of caseworker meetings and an increase in the probability of meeting with a replacement. Further, the participation in programs with individual-specific content is reduced. It appears that personal interactions and individualized treatment assignments are an important component of the caseworker's production function. Placebo tests reveal that future absences do not affect current outcomes, confirming the absence of confounding caseworker-time specific trends.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 268
    26. Oktober 2016

    Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen Work Incentives in Europe: The Effect of Participation Tax Rates on Employment Decisions

    Many advanced economies implemented labor market reforms over the past decades in order to encourage higher labor force participation rates. In this paper, we measure work incentives inherent in tax-benefit systems by computing Participation Tax Rates (PTRs) across the EU and subsequently identify the impact of these disperse PTRs on the probability of employment. We find that higher PTR-levels are negatively associated with the probability of being employed, i.e., higher work incentives increase the participation probability. The effect is larger for women than men. We estimate an average participation elasticity for women of 0.08 and 0.06 for men.

    Referent/-in
    Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 268
    19. Oktober 2016

    SOEP Brown Bag Seminar Optimal Taxation Under Different Concepts of Justness

    We extend the optimal taxation framework by Saez (2002) to allow for alternative concepts of justness. We calculate weights of a social planner's function as implied by the current German tax and transfer system based on the concepts of Minimum Sacrifice and subjective just incomes from survey questions and compare them to the welfarist case. We use new questions from the German Socioeconomic Panel (SOEP) to obtain information about what amount of taxes individuals consider as just. We find that the German system is not pareto-optimal as it implies negative weights for working poor under the welfarist approach. Minimum absolute and relative sacrifice are the only concepts of justness that do not imply negative social weights for at least one income group.

    Referent/-in
  • Robin Jessen, FU Berlin
    Davud Rostam-Afschar, FU Berlin

  • Zeit
    12:30 - 13:30
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Eleanor-Dulles-Raum) DIW Berlin im Quartier 110 Raum 5.2.010 Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 336
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 272
    12. Oktober 2016

    Berlin Lunchtime Meeting A lost generation? Which way out? How to integrate jobless, disadvantaged and disengaged young people

    Presentation: Stéphane Carcillo | Senior Economist, OECD Directorate for Employment, Labour and Social Affairs
    Comment: Dr. Volker Born | Director Vocational Education and Training, German Confederation of Skilled Crafts (ZdH)
    Moderation: Heino v. Meyer | OECD Berlin Centre

    Despite overall positive employment trends a significant number of young people are neither in employment nor in education or training (NEETs).  What is their situation in Germany compared to other OECD Member countries?  Which groups are most affected?  How do early school leavers fare?  What are associated poverty and health risks?  Which policies and measures can address these problems and help tap the potential.  Answers will also be key for the successful integration of young migrants and refugees.  The presentation will draw on results of the recent OECD report ‘Society at a Glance’ as well as on practical experiences with integration of NEETs in Germany.

    Zeit
    12h00 – 13h00
    followed by lunch buffet  
    Ort
    DIW Berlin (Schumpeter Hall) Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Ansprechpartner/-in
    im DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 569
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