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  • Seeking Shelter in Times of Crisis? Unemployment, Perceived Job Insecurity and Trade Union Membership

    Do trade unions benefit from economic crises by attracting new members among workers concerned about job security? To address this question, we provide a comprehensive empirical investigation based on panel data from Germany, where workers individually decide on their membership. We analyse whether exogenously manipulated perceptions of job insecurity encourage individuals to join a union. Firm-level ...

    In: Economica 90 (2023), 359, 1041-1088 | Adrian Chadi, Laszlo Goerke
  • Structural Labour Market Change, Cognitive Work, and Fertility in Germany

    Technological change and globalisation have been transforming the structure of labour demand in favour of workers performing cognitive tasks. Even though past research has found that labour force participation is an important determinant of fertility behaviour, few studies have addressed the fertility effects of the long-term structural changes of labour market. To fill this gap, we measure the cognitive ...

    Warsaw: Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw, 2023,
    (Working Papers No. 8/2023 (415))
    | Honorata Bogusz, Anna Matysiak, Michaela Kreyenfeld
  • Changes in the gender pay gap over time: the case of West Germany

    Using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel, this paper analyzes changes in the gender pay gap in West Germany between 1984 and 2020. The literature generally observes a catching-up of women over time with a slowdown since the mid-1990s and often concentrates on the USA. We present both an aggregate and detailed decomposition of changes in wages allowing us to directly test for changes in the components ...

    In: Journal for Labour Market Research 57 (2023), 1, 11 | Marina Bonaccolto-Töpfer, Carolina Castagnetti, Luisa Rosti
  • Is There a Union Wage Premium in Germany and Which Workers Benefit Most?

    Using representative data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP), this paper finds a statistically significant union wage premium in Germany of almost three percent, which is not simply a collective bargaining premium. Given that the union membership fee is typically about one percent of workers’ gross wages, this finding suggests that it pays off to be a union member. Our results show that the ...

    In: Economies 11 (2023), 2, 50 | Marina Bonaccolto-Töpfer, Claus Schnabel
  • Three Tales of Gender Equality in a Post-Industrial World

    The last decades have witnessed an unprecedented increase in women’s economic independence through higher educational attainment, labor force participation and an increase in the share of female-led households. However, up to date there is a gap in the literature concerning how this increase in independence has translated into women’s living standards, measured through disposable income. Using a combination ...

    Luxembourg: Luxembourg Income Study (LIS), 2022,
    (LIS Working Paper Series No. 849)
    | Ariane Aumaitre
  • Equipping the Offline Population with Internet Access in an Online Panel: Does It Make a Difference?

    Online panel surveys are often criticized for their inability to cover the offline population, potentially resulting in coverage error. Previous research has demonstrated that non-internet users in fact differ from online individuals on several sociodemographic characteristics. In attempts to reduce coverage error due to missing the offline population, several probability-based online panels equip ...

    In: Journal of Survey Statistics and Methodology (online first) (2023), | Ruben L. Bach, Carina Cornesse, Jessica Daikeler
  • Unsupervised Methods: Clustering Methods (Chapter 19)

    In: Uwe Engel, Anabel Quan-Haase, Sunny Xun Liu, Lars Lyberg , Handbook of Computational Social Science, Volume 2: Data Science, Statistical Modelling, and Machine Learning Methods
    London and New York: Routledge
    334-351
    | Johann Bacher, Andreas Pöge, Knut Wenzig
  • Regional variations in vaccination against COVID-19 in Germany

    Vaccination willingness against COVID-19 is generally perceived as too low. Moreover, there is large heterogeneity across and within countries. As a whole, Germany has average vaccination rates compared to other industrialized countries. However, vaccination rates in the 16 different German federal states differ by more than 20 percentage points. We describe variation in vaccination on the level of ...

    2023,
    (SSRN Working Paper)
    | Verena Bade, Hendrik Schmitz, Beatrice Baaba Tawiah
  • Testing Marx: Capital Accumulation, Income Inequality, and Socialism in Late Nineteenth-Century Germany

    We study the dynamics of capital accumulation, income inequality, capital concentration, and voting up to 1914. Based on new panel data for Prussian regions, we re-evaluate the famous Revisionism Debate between orthodox Marxists and their critics. We show that changes in capital accumulation led to a rise in the capital share and income inequality, as predicted by orthodox Marxists. But against their ...

    In: The Review of Economics and Statistics (online first) (2023), | Charlotte Bartels, Felix Kersting, Nikolaus Wolf
  • Job Levels and Wages

    Job levels summarize the complexity, autonomy, and responsibility of task execution. Conceptually, job levels are related to the organization of production, are distinct from occupations, and can be constructed from data on task execution. We highlight their empirical role in matched employer-employee data for life-cycle wage dynamics, refine a task-based view of wage determination, and demonstrate ...

    SOEPpapers 1190 | Christian Bayer, Moritz Kuhn
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