Publications Based on SOEP Data: SOEPlit

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‘Good’ Bad Jobs? The Evolution of Migrant Low-Wage Employment in Germany (1985–2015)

The article examines the evolution of migrant low-wage employment in the context of structural changes in the German labour market. By drawing on data from the Socio-Economic-Panel, it seeks to answer why low-wage jobs disproportionally rose among migrants since the late 1980s. It argues that while human capital characteristics mattered to some extent, institutional and organisational changes were ...

In: Work, Employment and Society 0 (2020), 0, 0950017020946567 | Torben Krings

Seeking Asylum in Germany: Do Human and Social Capital Determine the Outcome of Asylum Procedures?

Although the Refugee Convention and European asylum legislation state that decisions regarding asylum applications should be determined solely based on persecution and other human rights violations, the outcomes of asylum procedures may be subject to socioeconomic selectivity. This article is the first to analyse whether the human and social capital of asylum-seekers affect the results of decisions ...

In: European Sociological Review 36 (2020), 5, 663-683 | Yuliya Kosyakova, Herbert Brücker

Domain-specific risk attitudes and aging—A systematic review

Risk attitudes have a significant impact on human decision making. In contrast to the conventional assumption of stable, universal risk attitudes, previous research has found domain-specific and age-related differences in risk attitudes. For this reason, a systematic review including 19 studies was conducted to evaluate the relationship between self-reported risk attitudes and aging in different domains ...

In: Journal of Behavioral Decision Making (online first) (2020), | Adriana N. König

The Effect of Exposure to Long Working Hours on Alcohol Consumption, Risky Drinking and Alcohol Use Disorder: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis from the WHO/ILO Joint Estimates of the Work-Related Burden of Disease and Injury

Background: The World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Labour Organization (ILO) are developing Joint Estimates of the work-related burden of disease and injury (WHO/ILO Joint Estimates), with contributions from a large network of experts. Evidence from mechanistic data suggests that exposure to long working hours may increase alcohol consumption and cause alcohol use disorder. In this ...

In: Environment International 146 (2021), 106205, 26 S. | Daniela V. Pachito, Frank Pega, Jelena Bakusic, Hannes Kröger

Taking the Ups and Downs at the Rollercoaster of Love: Associations between Major Relationship Events and the Big Five Personality Traits

Personality predicts how we interact with others, what partners we have, and how happy and lasting our romantic relationships are. At the same time, our experiences in these relationships may affect our personality. Who experiences specific major relationship events and how do these events relate to personality development? We examined this issue based on data from a nationally representative household ...

In: Developmental Psychology 56 (2020), 9, 1803-1816 | Eva Asselmann, Jule Specht

First Time Around: Local Conditions and Multi-dimensional Integration of Refugees

We study the causal effect of local labor market conditions and attitudes towards immigrants at the time of arrival on refugees’ multi-dimensional integration outcomes (economic, linguistic, navigational, political, psychological, and social). Using a unique dataset on refugees, we leverage a centralized allocation policy in Germany where refugees were exogenously assigned to live in speci<U+FB01>c ...

SOEPpapers 1115 | Cevat G. Aksoy, Panu Poutvaara, Felicitas Schikora

An Intensive, School-Based Learning Camp Targeting Academic and Non-Cognitive Skills Evaluated in a Randomized Trial

We evaluate two variants of a school-based, intensive learning camp for pupils who are assessed 'not ready' for further education after compulsory school, using a stratified cluster randomized trial involving 15,559 pupils in 264 schools in Denmark. Next to training pupils in Danish and mathematics, the main variant targets non-cognitive skills, while the alternative variant instead uses this time ...

Bonn: Institute of Labor Economics (IZA), 2020,
(IZA DP No. 13771)
| Charlotte Hvidman, Alexander Koch, Julia Nafziger, Søren A. Nielsen, Michael Rosholm

The Effect of a Major Pandemic on Risk Preferences - Evidence from Exposure to COVID-19

The present paper studies the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on risk preferences. Using real-time panel data from the year before the pandemic and from the first few months of the pandemic in Germany (April to July 2020), we provide robust evidence that exposure to COVID-19 reduces individual risk tolerance. We establish a causal link between the pandemic and risk tolerance by exploiting longitudinal ...

2020,
(SSRN Working Paper)
| Daniel Graeber, Ulrich Schmidt, Carsten Schröder, Johannes Seebauer

The Role of Unemployment and Job Change When Estimating the Returns to Migration

Estimating the returns to migration from East to West Germany, we focus on pre-migration employment dynamics, earnings uncertainty, and job change. Migrants are found to be negatively selected with respect to labor market outcomes, with a large drop in earnings and employment during the last few months before migration. We find sizeable positive earnings and employment gains of migration both in comparison ...

Bonn: Institute of Labor Economics (IZA), 2020,
(IZA DP No. 13740)
| Julian Emmler, Bernd Fitzenberger

Why Didn't the College Premium Rise Everywhere? Employment Protection and On-the-Job Investment in Skills

Why has the college wage premium risen rapidly in the United States since the 1980s, but not in European economies such as Germany? We argue that differences in employment protection can account for much of the gap. We develop a model in which firms and workers make relationship-specific investments in skill accumulation. The incentive to invest is stronger when employment protection creates an expectation ...

Bonn: Institute of Labor Economics (IZA), 2020,
(IZA DP No. 13325)
| Matthias Doepke, Ruben Gaetani
5280 results, from 1