Are there gender differences in associations of effort–reward imbalance at work with self-reported doctor-diagnosed depression? Prospective evidence from the German Socio-Economic Panel

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Natalia Wege, Jian Li, Johannes Siegrist

In: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health 91 (2018), 4, 435-443

Abstract

Cohort studies established elevated risks of depression among employees experiencing psychosocial stress at work, defined by ‘job strain’ or ‘effort–reward imbalance’ (ERI). Yet, conflicting evidence exists on whether the strength of these associations varies by gender. We explore this question in a nationally representative sample of working women and men where work stress (ERI) was related to reported depression over a 2-year follow-up.



Keywords: Effort-reward imbalance, Over-commitment, Depression, Gender differences, Prospective study, German socioeconomic panel
DOI:
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-018-1293-8