Pressemitteilung/Press Release

Press Release of 19 April 2018

Germany’s Economic Experts Raise Forecast Slightly

Press release of the project group "Gemeinschaftsdiagnose": German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin), Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH), ifo Institute, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW), RWI - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research

Germany’s leading economic experts raised their forecasts for 2018 and 2019 slightly in their Spring Joint Economic Forecast released on Thursday in Berlin. They now expect economic growth of 2.2 percent for this year and 2.0 percent for 2019, versus 2.0 percent and 1.8 percent respectively in their autumn forecast. “The German economy is still booming, but the air is getting thinner as unused capacities are shrinking“, notes Timo Wollmershaeuser, ifo Head of Economic Forecasting. Commenting on the new German government’s economic policy, he adds: “It is precisely when the government’s coffers are full that fiscal policy should reflect the implications of its actions for overall economic stability and the sustainability of public finances. The extension of statutory pension benefits outlined in the coalition agreement runs counter to the idea of sustainability.”

Despite tax cuts and higher public spending, the fiscal surplus remains almost unchanged at 36.6 billion euros in 2017, 37.8 billion euros in 2018 and 34.7 billion euros in 2019 thanks to the German economy’s strong performance and as a result growing tax revenue caused by bracket creep. The number of persons in employment grew from 44.3 million in 2017 to 44.9 million in 2018 and will increase to 45.3 million euros in the year ahead. At the same time, unemployment will drop from 2.5 million to 2.3 million persons this year and 2.2 million in 2019. This will bring the unemployment rate down from 5.7 percent last year to 5.2 percent in 2018, followed by 4.8 percent in 2019.Consumer price inflation will rise to 1.9 percent by 2019. Germany’s current account surplus (goods, services and current transfers) is expected to increase slightly from 262.6 billion euros in 2017 to 277.0 billion euros this year and 284.billion euros in 2019. These figures respectively represent 8.0 percent, 8.2 percent and 8.0 percent of Germany’s annual gross domestic product.


German Economy Booming - But Air Is Getting Thinner (Summary | English) | PDF, 353.81 KB

Gemeinschaftsdiagnose Frühjahr 2018 (Full Text | German) | PDF, 0.69 MB

Press release (pdf) | PDF, 77.54 KB

Forecast for Germany: Key Economic Figures | PNG, 65.38 KB

Gemeinschaftdiagnose Website

German Institute for Economic Research

Founded in 1925, DIW Berlin (the German Institute for Economic Research) is one of the leading economic research institutes in Germany. The Institute analyzes the economic and social aspects of topical issues, formulating and disseminating policy advice based on its research findings. DIW Berlin is part of both the national and international scientific communities, provides research infrastructure to academics all over the world, and promotes the next generation of scientists. A member of the Leibniz Association, DIW Berlin is independent and primarily publicly funded.

You can find more press releases here.

Press Office DIW Berlin

Renate Bogdanovic+49-30-897 89-249+49-174-319-3131
Claudia Cohnen-Beck+49-30-897 89-252+49-174-314-9583
Sebastian Kollmann+49-30-897 89-250+49-162-105-2159
Mathilde Richter+49-30-897 89-152+49-172-154-0646

Communications Management German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP)

Monika Wimmer+49-30-897 89-251

Further use of the above image is not allowed. Figures and tables displayed are approved for publication. If you require raw data, please contact DIW Berlin's press office.