Discussion Papers

About the Discussion Papers

The researchers at DIW Berlin usually publish their research results in scientific journals. However, this process can take many months, depending on the circumstances. To help bridge this gap, DIW Berlin began publishing Discussion Papers in 1989. The Discussion Papers offer a preview of the latest, not-yet-published research results, and allow current research to make its way into current debate more quickly.

Notes for authors

For publication in the series of DIW discussion papers the following may be submitted: Papers by DIW employees, DIW research professors and directors, DIW research affiliates and guest scientists who have spent at least one week at DIW Berlin and thank DIW Berlin in a footnote.    
Papers submitted will be sent in electronic form to the head of the relevant department at DIW Berlin. It is checked by an internal referee procedure whether or not the paper is likely to be published in a refereed journal. A decision on publication will then be made on the basis of a referee report. Should a paper have already been accepted for a publication by a refereed SSCI magazine or have received an invitation to a re-submission in a first-class journal, it will appear immediately without a referee procedure.

1813 results, from 1
Diskussionspapiere 1807 / 2019

Environmental Policy and Firm Selection in the Open Economy

In this paper, we analyse the effects of a unilateral change in an emissions tax in a model of international trade with heterogeneous firms. We find a positive effect of tighter environmental policy on average productivity in the reforming country ..

2019| Udo Kreickemeier, Philipp M. Richter
Diskussionspapiere 1810 / 2019

Gender Quotas in the Boardroom: New Evidence from Germany

We examine the introduction of a gender quota law in Germany, mandating a minimum 30% of the underrepresented gender on the supervisory boards of a particular type of firms. We exploit the fact that Germany has a two-tier corporate system consisting

2019| Alexandra Fedorets, Anna Gibert, Norma Burow
Diskussionspapiere 1809 / 2019

Time to Care? The Effects of Retirement on Informal Care Provision

This paper analyzes the impact of a reduction in women's labor supply through retirement on their informal care provision. Using SOEP data from the years 2001- 2016 the analysis addresses fundamental endogeneity problems by applying a fuzzy ...

2019| Björn Fischer, Kai-Uwe Müller
Diskussionspapiere 1808 / 2019

Understanding Day Care Enrolment Gaps

We document day care enrolment gaps by family background for children under 3 in Germany. Research demonstrates that children of less-educated or foreign-born parents benefit most from day care, making it important to understand the causes of such ..

2019| Jonas Jessen, Sophia Schmitz, Sevrin Waights
Diskussionspapiere 1806 / 2019

Monetary Policy and Household Deleveraging

This study investigates the interrelation between the household leverage cycle, collateral constraints, and monetary policy. Using data on the U.S. economy, we find that a contractionary monetary policy shock leads to a large and significant fall in

2019| Martin Harding, Mathias Klein
Diskussionspapiere 1805 / 2019

Does the German Minimum Wage Help Low Income Households? Evidence from Observed Outcomes and the Simulation of Potential Effects

Does the federal minimum wage in Germany introduced in 2015 improve the income situation of low income households and reduce in-work poverty? Previous literature on its distributional impact was either focused on earnings and hourly wages (e.g. ...

2019| Teresa Backhaus, Kai-Uwe Müller
Diskussionspapiere 1804 / 2019

The War in Europe: Economic Costs of the Ukrainian Conflict

With more than ten thousand casualties, the 2014 Ukrainian war between pro-Russian separatists and the government in the Donbass region, Ukraine's productive core, has taken a severe toll on the country. Using cross-country panel data over the period

2019| Julia Bluszcz, Marica Valente
Diskussionspapiere 1803 / 2019

Battling Antibiotic Resistance: Can Machine Learning Improve Prescribing?

Antibiotic resistance constitutes a major health threat. Predicting bacterial causes of infections is key to reducing antibiotic misuse, a leading cause of antibiotic resistance. We combine administrative and microbiological laboratory data from ...

2019| Michael A. Ribers, Hannes Ullrich
Diskussionspapiere 1786 / 2019

Makroökonomie: Blind Spot Gender: Erweiterung makroökonomischer Indikatoren durch eine Gender-Komponente am Beispiel der empirischen Phillips-Kurve

Dieser Beitrag möchte einen Impuls zur stärkeren Berücksichtigung von Genderaspekten in makroökonomischen Modellen geben. Am Beispiel der Philipps-Kurve geht es um die Frage, ob sich das Erwerbsverhalten von Frauen und Männern so stark voneinand

2019| Elke Holst, Denise Barth
Diskussionspapiere 1802 / 2019

Increased Instruction Time and Stress-Related Health Problems among School Children

While several studies suggest that stress-related mental health problems among school children are related to specific elements of schooling, empirical evidence on this causal relationship is scarce. We examine a German schooling reform that ...

2019| Jan Marcus, Simon Reif, Amelie Wuppermann, Amélie Rouche
Diskussionspapiere 1801 / 2019

Strategic Environmental Policy and the Mobility of Firms

The loss of international competitiveness of domestic industries remains a key obstacle to the implementation of effective carbon prices in a world without harmonized climate policies. We analyze countries' non-cooperative choices of emissions taxes

2019| Philipp M. Richter, Marco Runkel, Robert C. Schmidt
Diskussionspapiere 1800 / 2019

EU Merger Policy Predictability Using Random Forests

I study the predictability of the EC’s merger decision procedure before and after the 2004 merger policy reform based on a dataset covering all affected markets of mergers with an official decision documented by DG Comp between 1990 and 2014. Using

2019| Pauline Affeldt
Diskussionspapiere 1798 / 2019

Eine Netzwerkanalyse von Ökonomen und Wissenschaftlern anderer Disziplinen auf Basis eines Surveys unter Abgeordneten und Ministerialbeamten

In Germany, public debates between economists are rather rare. However, in media cover-age on economists there is an implicit assignment to ideological camps, such as employer/employee-friendly or left/market liberal. Since for most of the economists

2019| Wolfgang Schwarzbauer, Tobias Thomas, Gert G. Wagner
Diskussionspapiere 1799 / 2019

Gender Identity and Wives' Labor Market Outcomes in West and East Germany between 1984 and 2016

We exploit the natural experiment of German reunification in 1990 to investigate if the institutional regimes of the formerly socialist (rather gender-equal) East Germany and the capitalist (rather gender-traditional) West Germany shaped different ..

2019| Maximilian Sprengholz, Anna Wieber, Elke Holst
Diskussionspapiere 1797 / 2019

25 Years of European Merger Control

We study the evolution of the EC’s merger decision procedure over the first 25 years of European competition policy. Using a novel dataset constructed at the level of the relevant markets and containing all merger cases over the 1990-2014 period, w

2019| Pauline Affeldt, Tomaso Duso, Florian Szücs
Diskussionspapiere 1796 / 2019

Bayesian Structural VAR Models: A New Approach for Prior Beliefs on Impulse Responses

Structural VAR models are frequently identified using sign restrictions on contemporaneous impulse responses. We develop a methodology that can handle a set of prior distributions that is much larger than the one currently allowed for by traditional

2019| Martin Bruns, Michele Piffer
Diskussionspapiere 1769 / 2018

Flexible Electricity Use for Heating in Markets with Renewable Energy

Using electricity for heating can contribute to decarbonization and provide flexibility to integrate variable renewable energy. We analyze the case of electric storage heaters in German 2030 scenarios with an open-source electricity sector model. ...

2018| Wolf-Peter Schill, Alexander Zerrahn
Diskussionspapiere 1793 / 2019

Non-Take-Up of Means-Tested Social Benefits in Germany

This paper presents non-take-up rates of benefits from the German Income Support for Job Seekers scheme, called Unemployment Benefit II (Arbeitslosengeld II ). Eligibility to these benefits is simulated by applying a microsimulation model based on ..

2019| Michelle Harnisch
Diskussionspapiere 1794 / 2019

Occupational Characteristics and the Gender Pay Gap

Germany has a large persistent Gender Pay Gap of 21 %; although this gap is not constant across occupations. The question arises why some occupations have large Gender Pay Gaps while others have only small gaps. Using data from the Structural ...

2019| Aline Zucco
Diskussionspapiere 1795 / 2019

Fighting Climate Change with Disclosure? The Real Effects of Mandatory Greenhouse Gas Emission Disclosure

We examine how mandatory disclosure of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions influences companies’ emission levels. We identify the effect of full transparency by exploiting a mandate requiring UK-incorporated listed companies to disclose information on G

2019| Benedikt Downar, Jürgen Ernstberger, Hannes Rettenbacher, Sebastian Schwenen, Aleksandar Zaklan
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