More than 950,000 refugees from Ukraine have sought protection in Germany since the Russian invasion on February 24, 2022. The project “Refugees from Ukraine in Germany” will create the first representative database on this group of people, on the conditions that led them to flee, and on their integration into German society. The findings drawn from these data will lay the foundation for groundbreaking policy research and political decision-making.
The project will survey respondents on diverse aspects of their lives—the circumstances surrounding their flight from their home country, comprehensive socio-demographic characteristics, information on housing, school, vocational and university degrees, employment, German language skills, as well as on life satisfaction and worries, family constellations before and after leaving Ukraine, childcare, existing social networks, and needs for advice and support. An additional focus is on respondents’ plans for the future—whether they intend to reunite their family in Germany or return to Ukraine.
For the project, approximately 6,000 Ukrainian refugees between the ages of 18 and 70 will take part in a comprehensive social science survey in two waves (August 2022 and January 2023). To generate the random sample for the project, 100 German municipalities where large numbers of Ukrainian refugees are registered were identified using Germany’s Central Register of Foreign Nationals. Then, based on data from population registers, Ukrainian refugees within these municipalities were selected randomly and contacted with the request to participate in the survey. The Institute for Applied Social Sciences (infas) is conducting the fieldwork for the survey online, but is also offering respondents the option of completing questionnaires on paper.
The study was established by four partner organizations: the Institute for Employment Research (IAB) of the Federal Employment Agency (BA), the Federal Institute for Population Research (BiB), the Family Research and Demographic Analysis (FReDA) project, the Research Center of the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF-FZ) and the Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) at DIW Berlin. It builds on the “IAB-BAMF-SOEP Survey of Refugees,” which has been running since 2016, and the Family Research and Demographic Analysis (FReDA) project.