Policy to reduce the European Union’s (EU) carbon footprint needs to be grounded in an understanding of the structure and drivers of both the domestic and internationally traded components. Here we analyse consumption-based emission accounts (for the main greenhouse gases (GHGs)) for the EU, focusing on understanding sectoral contributions and what changes have been observed over the last two decades, ...
20 (2020), Suppl. 1, S. S39–S57
| Richard Wood, Karsten Neuhoff, Dan Moran, Moana Simas, Michael Grubb, Konstantin Stadler
Most policy instruments to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions have focused on producers, and on the energy efficiency of buildings, vehicles and other products. Behavioural changes related to climate change also impact ‘in-use’ emissions, and potentially, emissions both ‘upstream’ (including from imported goods) and ‘downstream’ (eg disposal). Consumption-oriented policies may provide avenues to ...
20 (2020), Suppl. 1, S. S58–S73
| Michael Grubb, Doug Crawford-Brown, Karsten Neuhoﬀ, Karin Schanes, Sonja Hawkins, Alexandra Poncia
The production of basic materials accounts for around 25% of global greenhouse gas emissions. Existing measures to reduce emissions from industry are limited due to a combination of competitiveness concerns and a lack of technological options available to producers. In this paper, we assess the possibility of implementing a materials charge to reduce demand for basic industrial products and, hence, ...
20 (2020), Suppl. 1, S. S74-S89
| Hector Pollitt, Karsten Neuhoff, Xinru Lin