Publikationen des DIW Berlin


Aufsätze referiert extern - ISI

Crowding in Public Transport: Who Cares and Why? Luke Haywood, Martin Koning, Guillaume Monchambert In: Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice 100 (2017), S. 215-227


Crowding on public transport (PT) is a major issue for commuters around the world. Nevertheless, economists have rarely investigated the causes of crowding discomfort. Furthermore, most evidence on the costs of PT crowding is based on trade-offs between crowding, travel time and money. First, this paper assesses discomfort with PT crowding at various density levels across heterogeneous individuals using a different methodology. Based on a survey of 1000 Paris PT users, the negative relationship of in-vehicle density on reported satisfaction is similar to previous studies investigating PT crowding costs and stable across most individual characteristics. We also find a sensitive increase in crowding costs over users’ income. Second, we investigate the causes of this discomfort effect. We identify three key drivers: (a) dissatisfaction with standing and not being seated; (b) less opportunities to make use of the time during the journey; (c) the physical closeness of other travelers per se.


Public transport, Crowding, Stated satisfaction, Travel cost, Survey data