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More and More Students, Especially Those from Middle-Income Households, Are Using Private Tutoring

DIW Weekly Report 6 / 2016, S. 63-71

Adrian Hille, C. Katharina Spieß, Mila Staneva

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Private tutoring is playing an increasingly significant role in the education of many teenagers and children: In 2013, a total of 18 percent of students at the secondary level (approximately ages 10–17) worked with paid tutors; among students at the primary level (approximately ages 6–10), this figure stood at six percent. In the period between 2009 and 2013, an average of 47 percent of 17-year-old respondents indicated that they had received tutoring at least once in the course of their school careers—roughly 20 percentage points more than what had been reported around 15 years earlier, as the present calculations show. Although households with above-average incomes engaged the services of paid tutors the most frequently of any group, discrepancies in usage among the various socioeconomic groups have started to fade: An increasing number of students from families with below-average incomes are also working with tutors, though this share remains lower than those of other groups.

Topics: Education

JEL-Classification: I24;J13;J24
Keywords: Tutoring, education inequality, socio-economic differences, time trends
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