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Austerity, Inequality, and Private Debt Overhang

Discussion Papers 1633, 21, III S.

Mathias Klein, Roland Winkler


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Published in: European Journal of Political Economy 57 (2019), S. 89-106


Using panel data of 17 OECD countries for 1980-2011, we find that the distributional consequences of fiscal consolidations depend significantly on the level of private indebtedness. Austerity leads to a strong and persistent increase in income inequality during periods of private debt overhang. In contrast, there are no discernible distributional effects when private debt is low. This result is robust to alternative identifications of fiscal consolidations, to different ways of defining periods of private debt overhang, and to controlling for the state of the business cycle. We explore different channels through which our findings can be rationalized.

JEL-Classification: E62;E64;D63
Keywords: austerity, fiscal policy, inequality, private debt, local projections
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