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Veranstaltungen der Abteilung Staat

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381 Ergebnisse, ab 1
15. Juni 2022
Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen

A decomposition of the life-cycle part-time wage gap: Forgone promotion prospects and stagnant wage growth within job levels

Speaker: Boryana Ilieva
Ort: Karl Popper Room
DIW Berlin
Room 2.3.020
Mohrenstr. 58
10117 Berlin
Zeit: 12:30-13:30

Long periods of part-time work lead to a stagnation of wage growth. In this paper, I study how the wage stagnation decomposes in lack of career development and the lack of wage growth conditional on the career level. I develop a dynamic choice model of labor supply which distinctly incorporates vertical career moves to jobs paying higher wages as a function of the choice of hours of work. I use ...

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2. Februar 2022
Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen

The Effects of Shortening Potential Benefit Duration: Evidence from Regional Cut-offs and a Policy Reform

Speaker: Jonas Jessen
Ort: Online seminar via Cisco Webex
Zeit: 14:00-15:00

We quantify labour market effects of changes in the potential benefit duration (PBD) in Poland. Individual workers' PBD depends on the county unemployment rate relative to the national average---12 months of PBD above a cut-off of 125 per cent and 6 months below. This cut-off shifted from 125 to 150 per cent in a 2009 reform. We utilize (i) the natural experiment of the reform and (ii) the sharp ...

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9. Dezember 2021
Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen

Women's managerial representation and the gender pay gap

Speaker: Virginia Sondergeld
Ort: Online seminar via Cisco Webex
Zeit: 12:30 - 13:30

This paper analyzes the impact of women's managerial representation on the gender pay gap among subordinates on the establishment level using German Linked-Employer-Employee-Data. For identification of a causal effect we employ two estimation strategies: 1) a panel model with establishment fixed effects and 2) an event study estimation around a discrete shift in managerial representation. We find ...

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25. November 2021
Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen

Increasing employment and family care? A structural analysis of pension and long-term care policy reforms

Speaker: Björn Fischer
Ort: Online seminar via Cisco Webex
Zeit: 12:30 - 13:30

We develop a comprehensive life-cycle model of elder parent care and work to evaluate options that address pressing conflicts between pension and long-term care (LTC) policies. Many OECD countries react to challenges of demographic change by increasing LTC by family members (informal care) and raising retirement ages. This intensifies conflicts between paid employment and informal care provision. ...

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21. Juli 2021
Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen

The dynamics of informal and formal care supply to parents - a structural model

Speaker: Björn Fischer
Ort: Online seminar via Cisco Webex
Zeit: 12:30 - 13:30

In this paper, we estimate a structural dynamic discrete choice model of informal as well as formal care provision, retirement and labor supply. The model allows to assess the dynamic consequences of providing informal care or organizing formal care for parents, e.g., due to reduced wages, pension benefits, or benefits from long-term care insurance. Further, it allows to analyze counterfactual ...

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6. Juli 2021
Berlin Lunchtime Meeting

Taxing inheritances – a way to raise revenues and curb wealth inequality?

Speaker: Bethany Millar-Powell, Sarah Perret, Roland Franke, Matthias Rumpf, Stefan Bach
Ort: ONLINE via Zoom
Zeit: 11.00 – 12.30 CEST

In Germany, 200 to 400 billion euros are inherited or donated every year. Inheritances are unevenly distributed, with wealthy households receiving far greater inheritances than poor households, and inheritances and gifts are taxed only lightly compared with earned income. As inequalities are increasing, particularly since the onset of the COVID crisis, and governments are under pressure to find ...

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23. Juni 2021
Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen

Parental Leave and Discrimination on the Labor Market

Speaker: Katharina Wrohlich
Ort: Online seminar via Cisco Webex
Zeit: 12:30 - 13:30

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28. Mai 2021
DIW Applied Micro Seminar

Social Mobility and Economic Development

Speaker: Guido Neidhöfer, ZEW
Ort: Online seminar via Cisco Webex
Zeit: 13:15 - 14:30

We explore the role of social mobility as driver of economic development. First, we draw the geography of intergenerational mobility of education for 52 Latin American regions, as well as its evolution over time. Then, through a novel weighting procedure that considers the aggregate participation of cohorts to the economy in every year, we estimate the effect of changes in mobility on economic ...

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12. Mai 2021
Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen

Intergenerational Effects of Grandparental Care on Children and Parents

Speaker: Elena Ziege
Ort: Online seminar via Cisco Webex
Zeit: 12:30 - 13:30

Grandparents act as the third biggest care giver besides day care and parental care for children below the age of 6 in most OECD countries. Despite its relevance, the effects of child care provided by grandparents on child and parental outcomes have received little attention in the literature. We investigate the potential impact of grandparental care on children's cognitive and non ...

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19. Februar 2021
DIW Applied Micro Seminar

Health Effects of Prenatal and Infancy Home Visiting Programs by Nurses: Evidence from a Randomized Control Trial

Speaker: Gabriella Conti, University College London
Ort: Online seminar via Cisco Webex
Zeit: 13:15 - 14:30

Home visiting programmes are increasingly being implemented across the globe to help vulnerable families with young children, however longer-term experimental evidence on their health impacts on both parents and children is scarce. In this paper we study the medium-term health impacts of a randomized control trial to evaluate the Nurse Family Partnership (NFP), one of the oldest home visitation ...

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17. Februar 2021
Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen

Culture, Children and Couple Gender Inequality

Speaker: Jonas Jessen
Ort: Online seminar via Cisco Webex
Zeit: 12:30 - 13:30

This paper examines how culture determines within-couple gender inequality. Exploiting the setting of Germany's division and reunification, I compare child penalties of couples socialised in a more gender-egalitarian culture to those in a gender-traditional culture. The long-run penalty on the female income share is 30.9% in West German couples, compared to 18.3% in East German couples. ...

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3. Februar 2021
Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen

Responses to unexpected and permanent changes in pension income

Speaker: Sebastian Becker
Ort: Online seminar via Cisco Webex
Zeit: 12:30 - 13:30

For the design of pension reform it is crucial to disentangle the employment effects related to the substitution and the income effect. In this paper we provide causal evidence about the importance of the income effect which in general has been assumed to be small or non-existent. We exploit a pension reform in Germany that raised pension benefits related to children. For the ...

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20. Januar 2021
Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen

Gentrification and Rent Control

Speaker: Niklas Gohl
Ort: Online seminar via Cisco Webex
Zeit: 12:30 - 13:30

Since the start of the century, particularly in urban centres, housing markets worldwide have experienced stark price and rent increases. As a consequence urban agglomerations have experienced strong changes in their neighbourhood composition with originally poorer, central areas gentrifying quickly. Governments have reacted by raising the topic of affordable housing on the political ...

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13. Januar 2021
Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen

Informal care, work and retirement - choices in conflict? A structural model

Speaker: Björn Fischer
Ort: Online seminar via Cisco Webex
Zeit: 12:30 - 13:30

This paper estimates a structural dynamic discrete choice model on parental care provision, retirement and labor supply. We want to estimate the dynamic consequences of providing informal care or organizing formal care for care dependent parents. While there might be negative long term consequences on wages and retirement benefits, agents might respond to incentives in the long term care ...

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2. Dezember 2020
Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen

Long-Term Effects of Equal Sharing: Evidence from Inheritance Rules for Land

Speaker: Charlotte Bartels
Ort: Online seminar via Cisco Webex
Zeit: 12:30 - 13:30

What are the long-term economic effects of a more equal distribution of wealth? We exploit variation in historical inheritance rules for land traversing political, linguistic, geological, and religious borders in Germany. In some German areas, inherited land was to be shared or divided equally among children, while in others land was ruled to be indivisible. Using a geographic regression ...

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18. November 2020
Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen

Early retirement of employees in demanding jobs: evidence from a German pension reform

Speaker: Johannes Geyer
Ort: Online seminar via Cisco Webex
Zeit: 12:30 - 13:30

Workers in demanding jobs may be particularly negatively affected by an increasing statutory retirement age. We exploit a pension reform that raised the early retirement age of women from 60 to 63 years in Germany. Based on a large administrative social security data set we exploit the quasi-natural experiment using a regression-discontinuity approach. We find the same relative employment ...

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22. Oktober 2020
Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen

The Effect of Air Quality Alerts on School Absenteeism - Evidence from New York City

Speaker: Luis Sarmiento
Zeit: 12:30 - 13:30

This study examines the relationship between air quality alerts and school absenteeism in New York City. Examining the effects of the alerts in school attendance is relevant because it helps us understand parents' avoidance behavior in situations of exacerbated exposure to air contaminants. Causality arises by exploiting the deterministic nature of the alerts with regression discontinuity ...

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9. Oktober 2020
DIW Applied Micro Seminar

The Gender Gap in Student Performance: The Role of the Testing Environment

Speaker: Almudena Sevilla, University College London
Ort: Online seminar via Cisco Webex
Zeit:
Note the time change:
13:30 - 14:45

Abstract:   Our research question is to what extent does the familiarity with the testing environment impact the relative performance of boys and girls in standardized testing. We use an RCT-design on the full population of students in Grade 6 and 10 across several subjects in the Region of Madrid (Spain). This standardized test was either "Externally" administered, meaning that teachers ...

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16. Juni 2020
Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen

The Effect of Retirement on Health - Evidence from Administrative Data

Speaker: Mara Barschkett
Ort: Anna J. Schwartz Room
Room 5.2.010
Mohrenstraße 58
10117 Berlin
Zeit: 12:00 - 13:00

We combine unique data that include all practitioner health diagnoses based on the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) collected from all publicly insured individuals in Germany with a sizable cohort specific pension reform to study the causal effect of an increase in the retirement age on health. For the analysis, we use a cohort specific regression discontinuity design. The data ...

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12. Juni 2020
DIW Applied Micro Seminar

Local News, UGC and Professionals: Evidence from Citizen Journalism

Speaker: Jörg Claussen, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München
Ort: Online seminar via Cisco Webex
Zeit:
13:15 - 14:30

Abstract:  User generated content is increasingly substituting content created by professionals. Local news that is generated by citizen journalists could be a promising way of supporting the struggling newspaper industry by reducing costs for professional journalists. We study a network of 122 local Austrian newspapers operating a hybrid model of citizen and professional journalism. We first ...

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381 Ergebnisse, ab 1
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