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Data Documentation 77 / 2015

Long-Term Contracts in the Natural Gas Industry: Literature Survey and Data on 426 Contracts (1965-2014)

Long-term contracts are an important element of all economic activity and, thus, critical for understanding modern economic structures. The natural gas industry provides particular insights into the functioning and dynamics of long-term contracts and industry structures, in a sector that is globally important. This Data Documentation provides a survey of the literature on long-term contracts in the ...

2015| Anne Neumann, Sophia Rüster, Christian von Hirschhausen
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Coal Taxes as Supply-Side Climate Policy: a Rationale for Major Exporters?

The shift away from coal is at the heart of the global low-carbon transition. Can governments of coal-producing countries help facilitate this transition and benefit from it? This paper analyses the case for coal taxes as supply-side climate policy implemented by large coal exporting countries. Coal taxes can reduce global carbon dioxide emissions and benefit coal-rich countries through improved terms-of-trade ...

In: Climatic Change 150 (2018), 1-2, S. 43-56 | Philipp M. Richter, Roman Mendelevitch, Frank Jotzo
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Shaking Dutch Grounds Won't Shatter the European Gas Market

The Netherlands have been a pivotal supplier in Western European natural gas markets in the last decades. Recent analyses show that the Netherlands would play an important role in replacing Russian supplies in Germany and France in case of a Russian export disruption. Lately, however, the Netherlands have suffered from a series of earthquakes that are related to the natural gas production in the major ...

In: Energy Economics 64 (2017), S. 520-529 | Franziska Holz, Hanna Brauers, Philipp M. Richter, Thorsten Roobek
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CO2 Emission Intensity and Exporting: Evidence from Firm-Level Data

This paper analyses whether exporting firms are less CO2 emission-intensive than non-exporting competitors. It exploits a novel and unique dataset for Germany, a major exporting country. Due to the direct link between CO2 emissions and fuels consumed, we argue that it is necessary to employ a production function framework to consistently analyse CO2 emission intensity. We show that such an approach ...

In: European Economic Review 98 (2017), S. 373-391 | Philipp M. Richter, Alexander Schiersch
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The Role of Natural Gas in a Low-Carbon Europe: Infrastructure and Supply Security

In this paper, we analyse infrastructure needs of the European natural gas market in response to decarbonisation of the European energy system. To this end, we use numerical modelling and apply the Global Gas Model. We investigate three pathways of future natural gas consumption: i) a decreasing natural gas consumption, following the scenarios of the EU Energy Roadmap 2050; ii) a moderate increase ...

In: The Energy Journal 37 (2016), SI3, S. 33-59 | Franziska Holz, Philipp M. Richter, Ruud Egging
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The European Union Emissions Trading System: Ten Years and Counting

This article provides an introduction to the European Union (EU) Emissions Trading System (ETS). First we describe the legislative development of the EU ETS, its evolution from free allocation to auctioning and centralized allocation rules, its relationship to the Kyoto Protocol and other trading systems, and its relationship to other EU climate and energy policies. This is followed by an assessment ...

In: Review of Environmental Economics and Policy 10 (2016), 1, S. 89-107 | Denny Ellerman, Claudio Marcantonini, Aleksandar Zaklan
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Risks in Global Natural Gas Markets: Investment, Hedging and Trade

Recent supply security concerns in Europe have revived interest into the natural gas market. We investigate infrastructure investment and trade in an imperfect market structure for various possible risks for both supply and demand. We focus on three possible scenarios in a stochastic global gas market model: (i) transit of Russian gas via Ukraine that may be disrupted from 2020 on; (ii) natural gas ...

In: Energy Policy 94 (2016), S. 468-479 | Ruud Egging, Franziska Holz
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Lifting the US Crude Oil Export Ban: A Numerical Partial Equilibrium Analysis

The upheaval in global crude oil markets and the boom in shale oil production in North America brought scrutiny on the US export ban for crude oil from 1975. The ban was eventually lifted in early 2016. This paper examines the shifts of global trade flows and strategic refinery investments in a spatial, game-theoretic partial equilibrium model. We consider detailed oil supply chain infrastructure with ...

In: Energy Policy 97 (2016), S. 258-266 | Lissy Langer, Daniel Huppmann, Franziska Holz
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A Global Perspective on the Future of Natural Gas: Resources, Trade, and Climate Constraints

Natural gas plays an important role in the global energy system as an input to power generation, heating, and industry. This article identifies key drivers and uncertainties for natural gas markets in the coming decades. These include the availability of natural gas from conventional and unconventional sources, the role of international trade, and the impact of climate policies. We build on model-based ...

In: Review of Environmental Economics and Policy 9 (2015), Iss. 1, 85-106 | Franziska Holz, Philipp M. Richter, Ruud Egging
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Natural Gas: An Overview of a Lower-Carbon Transformation Fuel

This article provides an overview of the natural gas industry, which we view as a bridge fuel toward a lower-carbon energy system in many countries and regions around the world. Based on a review of the literature, an econometric analysis of natural gas prices and contracts, and the authors’ experience with the natural gas industry, this introductory article to the symposium on the Prospects for Natural ...

In: Review of Environmental Economics and Policy 9 (2015), Iss. 1, 64-84 | Anne Neumann, Christian von Hirschhausen
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