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2345 Ergebnisse, ab 2281
  • Referierte Aufsätze Web of Science

    The Political Economy of Intergovernmental Grants

    We study the effect of politics on the distribution of intergovernmental grants. We consider a model where local government officials lobby the central government who in turn distributes grants based on the local governments' lobbying efforts. We argue that the marginal costs of lobbying increase with the geographical and "political" distance from the central government capital. Hence, in equilibrium, ...

    In: Regional Science & Urban Economics 33 (2003), 2, S. 139-156 | Rainald Borck, Stephanie Owings
  • Referierte Aufsätze Web of Science

    Design Characteristics of National Travel Surveys: International Comparison for Ten Countries

    In Germany a national travel survey (NTS) was planned for 2002 and was preceded by a pilot study in 2001. As part of this pilot study the state of the practice for NTS in several countries was examined through contact with relevant institutions and persons via the Internet. A structured questionnaire was used for these consultations. The participants in nine countries provided the relevant information ...

    In: Transportation Research Record (2002), 1804, S. 107-116 | Uwe Kunert, Jutta Kloas, Hartmut Kuhfeld
  • Referierte Aufsätze Web of Science

    Policy Reforms and Productivity Growth in India's Energy Intensive Industries

    India had a highly restrictive industrial and trade policy regime until the end of the1960s. This regime while succeeding to some extent in creating a diversified industrial base introduced gross inefficiencies in many sectors of the economy. Beginning in the early 1970s, Indian economic policies have been marked by deregulation, decontrol and progressive liberalization. In this paper, we assess the ...

    In: Energy Policy 29 (2001), 9, S. 715-724 | Puran Mongia, Katja Schumacher, Jayant Sathaye
  • Referierte Aufsätze Web of Science

    A Forgotten Issue: Distributional Effects of Day Care Subsidies in Germany

    In general, day care subsidies are accepted as a means of creating equal chances for both children and mothers in the labour market. Although there is a broad consensus that the use of children's day care should be publicly supported, there is no consensus on how this should be done. Moreover, there is little knowledge on the distributional effects of day care subsidies. In order to assess whether ...

    In: European Early Childhood Education Research Journal 11 (2003), 2, S. 159-175 | C. Katharina Spieß, Michaela Kreyenfeld, Gert G. Wagner
  • Referierte Aufsätze Web of Science

    Berlin: Economic and Spatial Change

    This paper discusses the past and future economic situation of Berlin in the German city system. Comparing the shares of employment in various service sectors of total employment in Germany from 1939 to 1997 shows the significant changes in the role as a metropolis. Berlin has lost its dominant position as a consequence of isolation from international development for 40 years. Despite successful expansion ...

    In: European Urban and Regional Studies 9 (2002), 4, S. 331-341 | Martin Gornig, Hartmut Häußermann
  • Referierte Aufsätze Web of Science

    Rolf Krengel in memoriam

    In: Allgemeines Statistisches Archiv 87 (2003), 1, S. 97-99 | Reiner Stäglin
  • Referierte Aufsätze Web of Science

    A Nation-Wide Laboratory: Examining Trust and Trustworthiness by Integrating Behavioral Experiments into Representative Surveys

    Die experimentelle Ökonomie führt typischerweise Labor-Untersuchungen durch, die mit homogenen und selektiven Versuchspersonen arbeiten. Repräsentative Surveys leiden hingegen unter Messfehlern und der Frage, ob hypothetisches Verhalten, das erhoben wird, mit tatsächlichem Verhalten korrespondiert. Deswegen präsentieren wir eine Methode, mit der man die Schwächen beider Ansätze überwindet, indem man ...

    In: Schmollers Jahrbuch 122 (2002), 4, S. 1-24 | Ernst Fehr, Urs Fischbacher, Bernhardt von Rosenbladt, Jürgen Schupp, Gert G. Wagner
  • Referierte Aufsätze Web of Science

    Unemployment and Productivity Growth: An Empirical Analysis within an Augmented Solow Model

    Does a country's level of unemployment have an impact on the long-run growth rate? Incorporating unemployment into a generalised Solow-type growth model yields some answers. In the traditional Solow model, unemployment has no long-run influence on the growth rate and the level of productivity. The long-run level of productivity is reduced if higher unemployment leads to less formal education or to ...

    In: Economic Modelling 19 (2002), 1, S. 105-120 | Michael Bräuninger, Markus Pannenberg
  • Referierte Aufsätze Web of Science

    Declining Fertility in East Germany after Unification: A Demographic Response to Socioeconomic Change

    In: Population and Development Review 21 (1995), 2, S. 387-397 | James C. Witte, Gert G. Wagner
  • Referierte Aufsätze Web of Science

    Einstellungen zur sozialen Sicherung im Vergleich der Generationen

    In: Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie 29 (1996), 6, S. 446-451 | Karin Rinne, Gert G. Wagner
  • Referierte Aufsätze Web of Science

    Verteilungspolitische Probleme der Alterssicherung

    The ongoing change of demographic and economic structures does not undermine employment (as many believe), but this change indeed induces problems with the mandatory old-age security system in Germany. This paper discusses some popular reform proposals and concludes with another proposal which takes into account economic incentives. Especially the gerontological aim of a longer lifetime employment ...

    In: Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie 31 (1998), 6, S. 377-381 | Gert G. Wagner
  • Referierte Aufsätze Web of Science

    Zur Ökonomik grundfinanzierter wirtschafts- und sozialwissenschaftlicher Forschung

    Mit Argumenten aus der "Theorie des Marktversagens" und der "Neuen Politischen Ökonomie" kann gezeigt werden, daß Universitäten und Forschungsinstitute spezielle "Öffentliche Güter" produzieren, die eine Grundfinanzierung durch den Staat unter Effizienzgesichtspunkten rechtfertigen. Allerdings wäre die Produktion solcher wirtschafts- und sozialwissenschaftlicher Forschungsergebnisse durch einen einzigen ...

    In: Jahrbücher für Nationalökonomie und Statistik 217 (1998), 3, S. 346-358 | Rolf-Dieter Postlep, Gert G. Wagner
  • Referierte Aufsätze Web of Science

    Coordination Failure with Multiple-Source Lending: The Cost of Protection against a Powerful Lender

    We analyze how a firm might protect quasirents in an environment of imperfect capital markets, where switching lenders is costly to the borrower, and contracts are incomplete. As switching costs make the firm vulnerable to ex post exploitation, it may want to diversify lending. Multiple-source lending, however, suffers from coordination failure. An uncoordinated withdrawal of funds will force a financially ...

    In: Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics 158 (2002), 2, S. 256-275 | Franz Hubert, Dorothea Schäfer
  • Referierte Aufsätze Web of Science

    Sport as a Common Property Resource: A Solution to the Dilemmas of Doping

    The use of drugs in high-performance sports (doping) is a common pool resource (CPR) dilemma: regardless of the number of other athletes who dope, the athlete with strong tastes for victory will find doping optimal; yet if all athletes dope, they all bear negative health consequences, although each one's odds of victory are not greatly changed. The current regulatory approach relies entirely on centralized ...

    In: The Journal of Conflict Resolution 41 (1997), 6, S. 749-766 | Edward J. Bird, Gert G. Wagner
  • Referierte Aufsätze Web of Science

    Jurisdiction Size, Political Participation, and the Allocation of Resources

    This paper analyzes the effect of population size on politicalparticipation and allocative efficiency. Increasing populationis generally found to reduce political participation. However,since participation is not evenly spread throughout thepopulation, this will have consequences for allocation.Namely, we argue that increasing population size shifts powerto the rich. We discuss the consequences for ...

    In: Public Choice 113 (2002), 3-4, S. 251-263 | Rainald Borck
  • Referierte Aufsätze Web of Science

    Restructuring Know-How and Collateral

    In: Kredit und Kapital 35 (2002), 4, S. 572-597 | Dorothea Schäfer
  • Referierte Aufsätze Web of Science

    Tax Liability-Side Equivalence in Experimental Posted-Offer Markets

    In theory, the incidence of a tax should be independent of the side of the market on which it is levied. This principle of liability-side equivalence underlies virtually all theories of tax incidence. Policy discussions, however, tend to place great emphasis on the legal division of tax payments. We use computerized experimental posted-offer markets to test liability-side equivalence. We find that ...

    In: The Southern Economic Journal 68 (2002), 3, S. 672-682 | Rainald Borck, Dirk Engelmann, Wieland Müller, Hans-Theo Normann
  • Referierte Aufsätze Web of Science

    Post-Soviet Gas Sector Restructuring in the CIS: a Political Economy Approach

    This paper analyses progress and obstacles to gas sector reform in the most important CIS-countries (Russia, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan), taking a political economy perspective. This reform process is embedded in a very specific post-Soviet institutional framework stemming from the legacy of socialism. Firstly, we review the evolution of the gas sector for the period 1992-1998. The paper then ...

    In: Energy Policy 26 (1998), 15, S. 1113-1123 | Christian von Hirschhausen, Hella Engerer
  • Referierte Aufsätze Web of Science

    Understanding and Managing Leakage in Forest-Based Greenhouse-Gas-Mitigation Projects

    A major concern about land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF) projects under the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) is the potential for leakage. Leakage refers to a net increase of greenhouse-gas emissions in an area outside the project resulting from the CDM activity. This paper provides an overview of leakage, its definitions and its causes. It describes ways that LULUCF projects may suffer ...

    In: Philosophical Transactions 360 (2002), 1797, S. 1685-1703 | Reimund Schwarze, John O. Niles, Jacob Olander
  • Referierte Aufsätze Web of Science

    The Contribution of Local Public Infrastructure to Private Productivity and Its Political Economy: Evidence from a Panel of Large German Cities

    This paper proposes a simultaneous-equation approach to theestimation of the contribution of infrastructure accumulationto private production. A political economy model for theallocation of public infrastructure investment grants isformulated. Our empirical findings, using a panel of largeGerman cities for the years 1980,1986, and 1988, suggest thatcities ruled by a council sharing the State (`Bundesland')government's ...

    In: Public Choice 113 (2002), 3-4, S. 403-424 | Achim Kemmerling, Andreas Stephan
2345 Ergebnisse, ab 2281