Vortrag
Removing Cross-Border Capacity Bottlenecks in the Network of European Natural Gas Market: The Need of an Incentive Regulation

Towards a Better Integration of European Gas Markets : 10th Session of Seminars on Research in Energy Economics at Paris-Sciences-Lettres
Paris, Frankreich, 12.03.2014


Removing Cross-Border Capacity Bottlenecks in the Network of European Natural Gas Market : The Need of an Incentive Regulation

Hannes Weigt, Anne Neumann, Juan Rosellón



Abstract:
The paper proposes a merchant-regulatory framework to promote investment in the European natural gas network infrastructure based on a price cap over two-part tariffs. As suggested by Vogelsang (2001) and Hogan et al. (2010), a profit maximizing network operator facing this regulatory constraint will intertemporally rebalance the variable and fixed part of its two-part tariff so as to expand the congested pipelines, and converge to the Ramsey-Boiteaux equilibrium. We confirm this with actual data from the European natural gas market by comparing the bi-level price-cap model with a base case, a no-regulation case, and a welfare benchmark case, and by performing sensitivity analyses. In all cases, the incentive model is the best decentralized regulatory alternative that efficiently develops the European pipeline system.

Abstract

The paper proposes a merchant-regulatory framework to promote investment in the European natural gas network infrastructure based on a price cap over two-part tariffs. As suggested by Vogelsang (2001) and Hogan et al. (2010), a profit maximizing network operator facing this regulatory constraint will intertemporally rebalance the variable and fixed part of its two-part tariff so as to expand the congested pipelines, and converge to the Ramsey-Boiteaux equilibrium. We confirm this with actual data from the European natural gas market by comparing the bi-level price-cap model with a base case, a no-regulation case, and a welfare benchmark case, and by performing sensitivity analyses. In all cases, the incentive model is the best decentralized regulatory alternative that efficiently develops the European pipeline system.