Does Macroeconomic Policy Affect Private Savings in Europe? Evidence from a Dynamic Panel Data Model

Discussion Papers 431, 24 S.

Mechthild Schrooten, Sabine Stephan

2004. Jul.

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This note explores the relationship between the price elasticity of demand and the R&D intensity of the product. We introduce the concept of R&D intensity into a standard Dixit-Stiglitz/Krugman-type setting. R&D activity is treated as a fixed cost of production. Within this framework, sectors with a higher R&D intensity show a lower price elasticity of demand. This proposition is confirmed by an empirical investigation of export demand for manufactured goods from major industrialised countries. Consequently, real exchange rate changes have an impact on the commodity structure of exports.

JEL-Classification: C33;E21
Keywords: Dynamic panel data model; Private savings; European Union; GMM estimator
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