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2091 Ergebnisse, ab 21
  • Diskussionspapiere 2068 / 2024

    The Broken Elevator: Declining Absolute Mobility of Living Standards in Germany

    This study provides the first absolute income mobility estimates for postwar Germany. Using various micro data sources, we uncover a steep decline in absolute mobility rates from 81 percent to 59 percent for children’s birth cohorts 1962 through 1988. This trend is robust across different ages, family sizes, measurement methods, copulas, and data sources. Across the parental income distribution, we ...

    2024| Timm Bönke, Astrid Harnack-Eber, Holger Lüthen
  • Diskussionspapiere 2067 / 2024

    The Non-linear Impact of Risk Tolerance on Entrepreneurial Profit and Business Survival

    Entrepreneurs tend to be risk tolerant but is more risk tolerance always better? In a sample of about 2,100 small businesses, we find an inverted U-shaped relation between risk tolerance and profitability. This relationship holds in a simple bilateral regression and also when we control for a large set of individual and business characteristics. Apparently, one major transmission goes from risk tolerance ...

    2024| Melanie Koch, Lukas Menkhoff
  • Diskussionspapiere 2066 / 2023

    Routes to the Top

    Who makes it to the top? We use the leading, socio-economic survey in Germany supplemented by extensive data on the rich to answer this question. We identify the key predictors for belonging to the top 1 percent of income, wealth, and both distributions jointly. Although we consider many, only a few traits matter: Entrepreneurship and self-employment in conjunction with a sizable inheritance of company ...

    2023| Johannes König, Christian Schluter, Carsten Schröder
  • Diskussionspapiere 2065 / 2023

    Earn More Tomorrow: Overconfidence, Income Expectations and Consumer Indebtedness

    This paper examines whether biased income expectations due to overconfidence lead to higher levels of debt-taking. We show suggestive evidence for a link between overconfidence and borrowing behavior in a representative survey of German households (GSOEP-IS). This motivates a laboratory experiment to study causality behind these effects. In two experiments, participants can purchase goods by borrowing ...

    2023| Antonia Grohmann, Lukas Menkhoff, Christoph Merkle, Renke Schmacker
  • Diskussionspapiere 2064 / 2023

    Access to Digital Finance: Equity Crowdfunding across Countries and Platforms

    Financing entrepreneurship spurs innovation and economic growth. Digital financial platforms that crowdfund equity for entrepreneurs have emerged globally, yet they remain poorly understood. We model equity crowdfunding in terms of the relationship between the number of investors and the amount of money raised per pitch. We examine heterogeneity in the average amount raised per pitch that is associated ...

    2023| Saul Estrin, Susanna Khavul, Alexander S. Kritikos, Jonas Löher
  • Diskussionspapiere 2063 / 2023

    Integrating Out Natural Disaster Shocks

    We study the role of international financial integration in buffering natural disaster shocks, using a large sample of advanced and emerging economies. Conditioning on such exogenous events addresses the endogeneity between financial structures and economic conditions. We document that integration improves shock absorption: output, consumption, and investment are significantly higher after a shock ...

    2023| Franziska Bremus, Malte Rieth
  • Diskussionspapiere 2062 / 2023

    The Just Energy Transition Partnership in South Africa: Identification and Assessment of Key Factors Driving International Cooperation

    This paper investigates the implications of implementing the Just Energy Transition Partnership (JETP) in South Africa by exploring the factors that are at work when donors and recipients interact with each other. It analyses the JETP using global cooperation theories on climate change and identify mutual trust, based on shared norms; and process legitimacy via institutionalisation as the factors which ...

    2023| Heiner von Lüpke
  • Diskussionspapiere 2061 / 2023

    Government-Made House Price Bubbles? Austerity, Homeownership, Rental, and Credit Liberalization Policies and the “Irrational Exuberance” on Housing Markets

    Housing bubbles and crashes are catastrophic events for economies, implying enormous destruction of housing wealth, financial default risks, construction unemployment, and business cycle downturns. This paper investigates whether governmental housing policies can affect economies’ propensity to build up speculative house price bubbles. Specifically, we focus on the liberalization effects of rent and ...

    2023| Konstantin A. Kholodilin, Sebastian Kohl, Florian Müller
  • Diskussionspapiere 2060 / 2023

    Unilateral Carbon Pricing and Heterogeneous Firms

    Several empirical studies document the relevance of firm heterogeneity to assess the effect of trade and environmental policy. This paper develops a multi-country and -sector general equilibrium trade model with heterogeneous firms and analyzes the effect of domestic carbon pricing as well as carbon border adjustments. In the presence of heterogeneous firms, these unilateral carbon pricing tools affect ...

    2023| Robin Sogalla
  • Diskussionspapiere 2059 / 2023

    Building Health across Generations: Unraveling the Impact of Early Childcare on Maternal Health

    In contemporary households, women often shoulder most organisation and caregiving responsibilities leading them to play a crucial role in family dynamics. While previous research has established that public early childcare affects child outcomes and maternal employment, less attention has been given to its effects on maternal health despite its relevance within the household. This study investigates ...

    2023| Mara Barschkett, Laia Bosque-Mercader
  • Diskussionspapiere 2058 / 2023

    Dollar Trinity and the Global Financial Cycle

    We develop a two-country business-cycle model of the US and the rest of the world with dollar dominance in trade invoicing, in cross-border credit, and in safe assets. The interplay between these elements—dollar trinity—rationalizes salient features of the Global Financial Cycle in the data: When its tide subsides, the dollar appreciates, financial conditions tighten, the world business cycle slows ...

    2023| Georgios Georgiadis, Gernot J. Müller, Ben Schumann
  • Diskussionspapiere 2057 / 2023

    Global Risk and the Dollar

    The dollar is a safe-haven currency and appreciates when global risk goes up. We investigate the dollar’s role for the transmission of global risk to the world economy within a Bayesian proxy structural vectorautoregressive model. We identify global risk shocks using high-frequency asset-price surprises around narratively selected events. Global risk shocks appreciate the dollar, induce tighter global ...

    2023| Georgios Georgiadis, Gernot J. Müller, Ben Schumann
  • Diskussionspapiere 2056 / 2023

    Hicks in HANK: Fiscal Responses to an Energy Shock

    The distributional and disruptive effects of energy supply shocks are potentially large. We study the effectiveness of alternative fiscal responses in a two-country HANK model that we calibrate to the euro area. Energy subsidies can stabilize the domestic economy, but are fiscally costly and generate adverse spillovers to the rest of the monetary union: What the subsidizing country gains, the other ...

    2023| Christian Bayer, Alexander Kriwoluzky, Gernot J. Müller, Fabian Seyrich
  • Diskussionspapiere 2055 / 2023

    Decentralized Energy: How 100% Renewable Energy Regions Affect Households’ Saving Behavior

    This paper focuses on decentralized energy in Germany and how households’ environmental behavior in terms of energy consumption is shaped in these contexts. It sets out to gain a more precise understanding of whether decentralized energy initiatives are a good tool to promote the adoption of renewable energies and engagement in other sustainable behaviors to mitigate global warming. This study would ...

    2023| Alessandro De Palma, Marco Faillo, Roberto Gabriele
  • Diskussionspapiere 2054 / 2023

    Do Wind Turbines Have Adverse Health Impacts?

    While wind power is considered key in the transition towards net zero, there are concerns about adverse health impacts on nearby residents. Based on precise geographical coordinates, we link a representative longitudinal household panel to all wind turbines in Germany and exploit their staggered rollout over two decades for identification. We do not find evidence of negative effects on general, mental, ...

    2023| Christian Krekel, Johannes Rode, Alexander Roth
  • Diskussionspapiere 2053 / 2023

    The Role of Regulation and Regional Government Quality for High Growth Firms: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly

    High growth firms (HGFs) are important for job creation and considered to be precursors of economic growth. We investigate how product- and labor-market regulations, as well as the quality of regional governments that implement these regulations, affect HGF development across European regions. Using data from Eurostat, OECD, WEF, and Gothenburg University, we show that both regulatory stringency and ...

    2023| Sara Amoroso, Benedikt Herrmann, Alexander S. Kritikos
  • Diskussionspapiere 2052 / 2023

    Estimating Mode Choice Inertia and Price Elasticities after a Price Intervention – Evidence from Three Months of almost Fare-free Public Transport in Germany

    This study analyses the behavioural response of travellers on a temporal reduction of public transport prices in Germany through the so-called 9 Euro Ticket during summer 2022. The focus is on the inertia effect, e.g. the resistance to change behaviour, on people's travel mode decisions for commuter trips. We estimate mixed logit models for nearly 7,000 commuter trips, based on GPS-tracking data collected ...

    2023| Maria Fernanda Guajardo Ortega, Heike Link
  • Diskussionspapiere 2051 / 2023

    Collaborative Investor Engagement with Policymakers: Changing the Rules of the Game?

    Applying universal ownership theory and drawing on multiple-case studies, this article analyzes what drives institutional investors to engage with government entities and what challenges they find in the process. We relied on document analysis and conducted twelve semi-structured interviews with representatives from asset owners, asset managers, investor associations, and academia. We identify a trend ...

    2023| Camila Yamahaki, Catherine Marchewitz
  • Diskussionspapiere 2050 / 2023

    Safe Asset Scarcity and Re-use in the European Repo Market

    We construct the first measure of collateral re-use at the bank and bond level for the European repo market using a regulatory transaction dataset. We show that banks materially increase the rate of re-use in response to tightened asset scarcity induced by the Eurosystem’s asset purchase program. We find that dealers accommodate clients’ demand for safe assets rather than liquidity and profit from ...

    2023| Justus Inhoffen, Iman van Lelyveld
  • Diskussionspapiere 2049 / 2023

    Income-Based Family Typology and Child Development: Evidence from the UK

    Our paper contributes to the literature studying how household conditions can influence children’s development, focusing on the type of family model where children grow up, defined on the basis of parental employment status and relative earnings. The traditional “male-breadwinner” model is no longer the only type of family that has been observed throughout recent decades; the “dual-breadwinner” family ...

    2023| Elena Claudia Meroni, Francesca Verga
2091 Ergebnisse, ab 21
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