Government Spending Multipliers in (Un)certain Times

Discussion Papers 1901, 32 S.

Jan Philipp Fritsche, Mathias Klein, Malte Rieth

2020

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Abstract

We estimate the dynamic effects of government spending shocks, using time-varying volatility in US data modeled through a Markov switching process. We find that the average government spending multiplier is significantly and persistently above one, driven by a crowding-in of private consumption and non-residential investment. We rationalize the results empirically through a contemporaneously countercyclical response of government spending and an efficient weighting of observations inversely to their error variance. We then show that the multiplier is significantly smaller when volatility is high, consistent with theories predicting reduced effectiveness of fiscal interventions in uncertain times.

Jan Philipp Fritsche

Research Associate in the Macroeconomics Department

Malte Rieth

Research Associate in the Macroeconomics Department



JEL-Classification: C32;E62;H50
Keywords: Fiscal policy, government spending multiplier, uncertainty, structural vector autoregressions, heteroskedasticity