This paper studies whether higher education tuition fees inﬂuence the intention to acquire a university degree among high school students and, if so, whether the eﬀect on individuals from low-income households is particularly strong. We analyze the introduction and subsequent elimination of university tuition fees in Germany across states and over time in a diﬀerence-in-diﬀerences setting. Using data from the Youth Questionnaire of the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP), we ﬁnd a large negative eﬀect of tuition fees on the intention of 17-years-olds to acquire a higher educational degree, with a decrease of around eight percentage points (ten percent). Individuals from low-income households mainly drive the results. This study documents that the introduction of relatively low university tuition fees of 1,000 euros per academic year can considerably lower young people’s educational intentions and choices.