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Business Cycles and Start-Ups across Industries: An Empirical Analysis of German Regions

Discussion Papers 1732, 56 S.

Alexander Konon, Michael Fritsch, Alexander S. Kritikos


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Published in: Journal of Business Venturing 33 (2018), 6, S. 742-761


We analyze whether start-up rates in different industries systematically change with business cycle variables. Using a unique data set at the industry level, we mostly find correlations that are consistent with counter-cyclical influences of the business cycle on entries in both innovative and non-innovative industries. Entries into the largescale industries, including the innovative part of manufacturing, are only influenced by changes in the cyclical component of unemployment, while entries into small-scale industries, like knowledge intensive services, are mostly influenced by changes in the cyclical component of GDP. Thus, our analysis suggests that favorable conditions in terms of high GDP might not be germane for start-ups. Given that both innovative and non-innovative businesses react counter-cyclically in ‘regular’ recessions, business formation may have a stabilizing effect on the economy.

JEL-Classification: E32;L16;L26;R11
Keywords: New business formation, entrepreneurship, business cycle, manufacturing, services, innovative industries
Frei zugängliche Version: (econstor)