Emerged in the 1970's, the discussion about the macroeconomic impact of pollution control policies is still of major importance. In the context of the greenhouse-effect this topic has gained new relevance. Therefore, it seems to be widely accepted that enforced pollution abatement will negatively affect macroeconomic key-variables, in particular employment. The aim of this article is to discuss the economic effects of pollution control policies and various analytical frameworks and approaches, which are used to assess the macroeconomic impact. It is shown that results strongly depend on the methods applied and the underlying paradigm.